Essays on the Linkages Between Financial Markets, and Risk Asymmetries (summary section only)

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Title: Essays on the Linkages Between Financial Markets, and Risk Asymmetries (summary section only)
Author: Antell, Jan
Contributor: Swedish School of Economics and Business Administration, Department of Finance and Statistics, Finance
Thesis level: Doctoral thesis
Belongs to series: Economics and Society - 131
ISBN: 951-555-842-5
Abstract: During the last few decades there have been far going financial market deregulation, technical development, advances in information technology, and standardization of legislation between countries. As a result, one can expect that financial markets have grown more interlinked. The proper understanding of the cross-market linkages has implications for investment and risk management, diversification, asset pricing, and regulation. The purpose of this research is to assess the degree of price, return, and volatility linkages between both geographic markets and asset categories within one country, Finland. Another purpose is to analyze risk asymmetries, i.e., the tendency of equity risk to be higher after negative events than after positive events of equal magnitude. The analysis is conducted both with respect to total risk (volatility), and systematic risk (beta). The thesis consists of an introductory part and four essays. The first essay studies to which extent international stock prices comove. The degree of comovements is low, indicating benefits from international diversification. The second essay examines the degree to which the Finnish market is linked to the “world market”. The total risk is divided into two parts, one relating to world factors, and one relating to domestic factors. The impact of world factors has increased over time. After 1993, when foreign investors were allowed to freely invest in Finnish assets, the risk level has been higher than previously. This was also the case during the economic recession in the beginning of the 1990’s. The third essay focuses on the stock, bond, and money markets in Finland. According to a trading model, the degree of volatility linkages should be strong. However, the results contradict this. The linkages are surprisingly weak, even negative. The stock market is the most independent, while the money market is affected by events on the two other markets. The fourth essay concentrates on volatility and beta asymmetries. Contrary to many international studies there are only few cases of risk asymmetries. When they occur, they tend to be driven by the market-wide component rather than the portfolio specific element.
Date: 2004-07-27
Subject: asset pricing
asymmetric volatility
financial linkages
volatility modeling
volatility transmission
Rights: This publication is copyrighted. You may download, display and print it for Your own personal use. Commercial use is prohibited.

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