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Now showing items 844-863 of 1361
  • Sapir, Itay (Tutkijakollegium, 2006)
    The triangular space between memory, narrative and pictorial representation is the terrain on which this article is developed. Taking the art of memory developed by Giordano Bruno (1548 – 1600) and the art of painting subtly revolutionised by Adam Elsheimer (1578 – 1610) as test-cases, it is shown how both subvert the norms of mimesis and narration prevalent throughout the Renaissance, how disrupted memory creates “incoherent” narratives, and how perspective and the notion of “place” are questioned in a corollary way. Two paintings by Elsheimer are analysed and shown to include, in spite of their supposed “realism”, numerous incoherencies, aporias and strange elements – often overlooked. Thus, they do not conform to two of the basic rules governing both the classical art of memory and the humanist art of painting: well-defined places and the exhaustive translatability of words into images (and vice-versa). In the work of Bruno, both his philosophical claims and the literary devices he uses are analysed as hints for a similar (and contemporaneous) undermining of conventions about the transparency and immediacy of representation.
  • Doloughan,Fiona J. (Tutkijakollegium, 2006)
    In this article I shall argue that understandings of what constitutes narrative, how it functions, and the contexts in which it applies have broadened in line with cultural, social and intellectual trends which have seen a blurring, if not the dissolution, of boundaries between ‘fact’ and ‘fiction’; ‘literary’ and ‘non-literary’ narrative spaces; history and story; concepts of time and space, text and image, teller and tale, representation and reality.To illustrate some of the ways in which the concept of narrative has travelled across disciplinary and generic boundaries, I shall look at The Art of Travel (de Botton 2003), with a view to demonstrating how the blending of genres works to produce a narrative that is at once personal and philosophical; visual and verbal; didactic and poetic. I shall show that such a text constitutes a site of interrogation of concepts of narrative, even as it depends on the reader’s ability to narrativize experience.
  • Haaparanta, Pertti (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2006)
  • Matilainen, Anne; Lähdesmäki, Merja (2009)
    Nature-based tourism is one of the fastest growing tourism sectors at the moment. It is also the form of tourism that often benefits the economy of rural areas. In addition to state owned forests, nature-based tourism is in many countries situated in private forests, which are not owned by entrepreneurs themselves. Therefore, the ownership issues and property rights form central challenges for the business activities. The maintenance of good relationships between private forest owners and entrepreneurs, as well as combining their interests, becomes vital. These relationships are typically exceptionally asymmetrical, granting the forest owner unilateral rights regulating the business activities in their forests. Despite this, the co-operation is typically very informal and the existing economic compensation models do not necessarily cover all the forest owners’ costs. The ownership issues bring their own characteristics to the relationship. Therefore, we argue that different aspects of ownership, especially psychological ones, have to be more critically examined and taken into consideration in order to build truly successful relations between these parties. This is crucial for sustaining the business activities. The core of psychological ownership is the sense of possession. Psychological ownership can be defined as a state, in which individuals perceive the target of ownership, the object or idea, as “theirs”. The concept of psychological ownership has so far been mainly used in the context of professional organizations. In this research, it has been used to explain the relationships between private forest owners and nature-based entrepreneurs. The aim of this study is to provide new information concerning the effect of psychological ownership on the collaboration and to highlight the good practices. To address the complexity of the phenomenon, qualitative case study methods were adopted to understand the role of ownership at the level of subjective experience. The empirical data was based on 27 in-depth interviews with private forest owners and nature-based tourism entrepreneurs. The data was analysed by using the methods of qualitative analysis to construct different typologies to describe the essence of successful collaboration. As a result of the study, the special characteristics and the practical level expressions of the psychological ownership in the privately owned forest context were analysed. Four different strategies to perceive these ownership characteristics in co-operation relationships were found. By taking the psychological ownership into consideration via these strategies, the nature-based entrepreneurs aim to balance the co-operation relationship and minimise the risks in long term activities based on privately owned forests.
  • Krekola, Joni; Salmi-Niklander, Kirsti; Valenius, Johanna (Työväen Historian ja Perinteen Tutkimuksen Seura, 2000)
  • Economides, Nicholas; Tåg, Joacim (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2007)
  • Koskennurmi-Sivonen, Ritva (2009)
    Neulonnan perusteet käsittelee tiiviisti seuraavia aiheita: neulomisen historia, käsinneulomisen menetelmät ja neulontaotteet; neulelangat ja käsinneulonnan työvälineet; silmukoiden luominen, neulominen ja päättäminen; neulemerkit, silmukoiden erilaiset neulomistavat sekä lisäykset ja kavennukset; erilaisiin silmukoiden neulomistapoihin perustuvat neulepinnat; moniväriset neuleet; neulereunat ja saumat; pääntiet; napitus; neulevaate ja sen kaavat; käsineet, lapaset ja sormikkaat; sukat ja säärystimet; ja neulevaatteen hoito.
  • Liimatainen, Timo (Helsingin yliopiston opiskelijakirjasto, 2002)
  • Yu, Huizhen; Bertsekas, Dimitri P. (2008)
    We consider linear fixed point equations and their approximations by projection on a low dimensional subspace. We derive new bounds on the approximation error of the solution, which are expressed in terms of low dimensional matrices and can be computed by simulation. When the fixed point mapping is a contraction, as is typically the case in Markov decision processes (MDP), one of our bounds is always sharper than the standard contraction-based bounds, and another one is often sharper. The former bound is also tight in a worst-case sense. Our bounds also apply to the non-contraction case, including policy evaluation in MDP with nonstandard projections that enhance exploration. There are no error bounds currently available for this case to our knowledge.
  • Lof, Matthijs (2011)
  • Lanne, Markku; Saikkonen, Pentti (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2010)
  • Haavio, Markus (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2004)
  • Kanniainen, Vesa; Kari, Seppo; Ylä-Liedenpohja, Jouko (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2007)
  • Virokannas, Elina (Stakes, 2004)
    Tutkimus kasittelee huumehoidossa olevien alaikaisten nuorten haastattelutilanteessa tuottamaa puhetta elamastaan ja paihteiden kaytOstaan. Tarkemman tarkastelun kohteena on, millaisia merkityksia huumeiden kayttO nuorten puheessa saa ja minkalaisia identiteetteja haastatteluissa muodostuu nun nuorille itselleen kuin kertomuksissa esiintyville muille toimijoille seka haastattelijalle. Identiteetti ymmarretaan konstruktionistisen viitekehyksen mukaisesti vuorovaikutuksessa rakentuvana ja tilannesidonnaisena mina-konstruktiona. Keskeisimpana tutkimusmenetelmana on kaytetty diskurssianalyysia.
  • Lankoski, J.; Ollikainen, M.; Uusitalo, P. (Helsingin yliopisto, taloustieteen laitos, 2004)
  • Stark, J. (Helsingin yliopisto, taloustieteen laitos, 2005)
  • Engeström, Yrjö; Kajamaa, Anu; Toiviainen, Hanna; Hilli, Angelique (toim.) (Toiminnan, kehityksen ja oppimisen tutkimusyksikkö CRADLE, Käyttäytymistieteiden laitos, Helsingin yliopisto, 2012)
  • Kotitalous- ja käsityötieteiden laitos; Home Economics and Craft Science; Hushålls- och slöjdvetenskap, Institutionen för (2009)
    Näkökulmia käsityön ja käsityön opetuksen tutkimukseen on kokoelma professori emerita Pirkko Anttilan syntymäpäiväseminaarin puheenvuoroja, jotka on ryhmitelty seuraavasti: Käsityö opetuksessa ja oppimisessa Käsityö ytimessä, rajoilla ja rajojen yli Käsityö tekstiilitaiteessa Käsityö vaatteissa ja ammateissa Käsityö muutoksessa Käsityö emeritan ajatuksissa 1989 ja 2009