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Now showing items 1406-1425 of 1452
  • Halko, Marja-Liisa (University of Helsinki, 2003)
    Discussion Paper No 557
  • Halko, Marja-Liisa; Kultti, Klaus; Virrankoski, Juha (University of Helsinki, 2005)
    Discussion Paper No 615
  • Halko, Marja-Liisa; Kultti, Klaus; Virrankoski, Juha (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2005)
    Discussion Paper No 54
  • Maggini, Golfo (Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, 2013)
    COLLeGIUM: Studies across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences 14
    In one of his conference lectures of the mid-1970s, the Czech phenomenologist Jan Patocka talked about twentieth-century Europe’s destiny of World Wars as one of the endless unleashing of forces. Patocka offers one of the most insightful analyses of contemporary Europe’s intellectual destiny, tightly connected to technological domination and control. His extensive analysis in the field of a phenomenological philosophy of history evolves around the notions of ‘crisis’, under the influence of the later Husserl, the Janus face of the Western, most prominently European ‘supercivilization’ and the urgent need for a redefinition of European humanity. A key notion for the latter, introduced by Patocka in many instances in his phenomenological studies, is that of sacrifice. Patocka resists the inauthentic understanding of sacrifice by means of exchange, which according to him still reflects the objectifying tendency inherent in Europe’s techno-scientific orientation. He then proposes an authentic sense of sacrifice which is not prone to the criteria of calculability and effectiveness. He also incorporates his critique of European crisis and decline into the wider context of his phenomenological anthropology, which completely transforms Husserl’s theme of the Lebenswelt in an ethico-political direction. It is within this larger context that his diagnosis of Europe’s crisis also meets his argument for ’solidarity of the shattered’, which can reiterate the most promising chapters of Europe’s spiritual history. How is Patocka’s philosophical discourse to be related to today’s situation of tension and conflict in Europe? There is a widespread, yet not fully determined in its origins and conceptual clarity, public discourse on crisis accompanied by an equally pressing discourse on self-sacrifice or even sacrifice for the future generations of our continent. Are those public discourses valid when judged by their historical truth? In fact, Patocka’s phenomenological insights make us doubt the overly-general and context-insensitive justification of those discourses.
  • Kukkonen, Pirjo (Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, 2012)
    COLLeGIUM: Studies across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences 7
  • Suszycki, Andrzej Marcin (The Nordic Centre of Excellence NordWel, 2011)
    NordWel Studies in Historical Welfare State Research 2
  • Riihimäki, Elisa (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2007)
    Discussion Paper No 187
  • Roos, J. P. (Societas Scientiarum Fennica, 1973)
    Commentationes Scientiarum Socialium;4/1973
  • Pessi, Anne Birgitta (Tutkijakollegium, 2008)
    COLLeGIUM: Studies Across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 3: Happiness: Cognition, Experience, Language
  • Honkasalo, Julia (Tutkijakollegium, 2010)
    COLLeGIUM: Studies Across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 8: Hannah Arendt : Practice, Thought and Judgement
  • Hyytinen, Ari; Ilmakunnas, Pekka (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2006)
    Discussion Paper No 111
  • Guimon, Timofey V. (Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, 2015)
    17
    The article is dedicated to a detailed study of a selected series of events reported by Rus’ chroniclers from the eleventh to the early fourteenth centuries.1* Items of information contained in the Primary Chronicle, as well as in the Laurentian, Hypatian (to 1200) and First Novgorodian (to 1352) Chronicles are catalogued, classified and analysed as a means of reflecting on guidelines that the chroniclers might have followed. Firstly, remarks on different kinds of events are counted in each chronicle and the percentages compared; this gives a general impression of the interests of the Old Rus’ chroniclers. Secondly, the distribution of four kinds of remarks (events in princely families, changes of ecclesiastical hierarchs, the building of churches, natural phenomena and disasters) is studied in connection with the history of the texts. In general, the analysis corroborates Mark Aleshkovsky’s point that recording these ‘non-political’ events is typical of the annalists who describe the present or recent past (those who wrote on the distant past dealt mostly with political events). But in some cases the situation seems more complicated: the repertoire of events reported in a chronicle could depend on the personal attitudes of annalists or their patrons, as well on the activity of a later compiler or reviser.
  • Lehtipuu, Outi (Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies, 2016)
    20
    Recent scholarship on early Christian martyrdom tends to be sceptical towards the traditional picture according to which Roman emperors wanted to destroy the emerging Christianity and ordered numerous believers who did not take part in the imperial cult to be executed. The vast majority of sources are written from a Christian point of view; they are narratives of uncompromising commitment and the superiority of the Christian faith, not disinterested reports of what happened. No matter how slim the historical evidence on early Christian martyrdom, its ideological significance was remarkable – the sentiment of belonging to a persecuted minority was an important factor of Christian identity. Part of this ideology was to portray the emperor as an archenemy of Christianity, an agent of ultimate evil who is in constant warfare with the divine. Even though the emperors seldom appear in the trial scenes of martyrs, they have an important part to play in the stories of martyrdom. They are present through their officials and their decrees and it is these unjust imperial orders that result in martyrdom. Martyrdom, however, is seen as a God-given fate and the martyr as a triumphant hero, which makes the emperor, despite his apparent victory, an eventual loser. While the battle between the martyr and the emperor is cast on a cosmic level, the authority of the emperor and his entitlement to honours on the mundane level are not questioned
  • Vecchiarelli Scott, Joanna (Tutkijakollegium, 2010)
    COLLeGIUM: Studies Across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 8: Hannah Arendt : Practice, Thought and Judgement
  • Westergård, Ira (Tutkijakollegium, 2006)
    COLLeGIUM: Studies Across Disciplines in the Humanities and Social Sciences, Volume 1: The Travelling Concept of Narrative
    The development of the altarpiece towards the end of the late medieval period added a new decorous and conspicuously visual element to the church interior. The altarpiece became the prime location for iconic – i.e. non-narrative – images, but almost from the beginning narrative images were part of the altarpiece in the form of small-scale pictures placed underneath or next to an iconic image in the centre. In the fifteenth century the format of the altarpiece gradually changed, and simultaneously with the development of the unified picture field some new narrative subjects began to appear on the central panel as the main subject of the altarpiece. During the course of the fifteenth century, narrative subjects became increasingly frequent and accepted subjects for altarpieces. In this article I will focus on the problem of the narrative altarpiece, a seeming contradiction of terms. As narrative subjects were transferred from their usual location to the central field of the altarpiece, traditionally reserved for the iconic image, the narrative was included in a new context and expected to assume the function of the altarpiece. How did a narrative image function in this context, and what kind of audience did it serve? Since the questions involved in the issue are complex, I will focus on the biblical narrative of The Visitation as a case study, and use two well-known Florentine altarpieces from the fifteenth century as examples of the interpretative choices open to the viewers of these altarpieces.
  • Vartia, Yrjö (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2009)
    Discussion Paper No 257
  • Kultti, Klaus; Miettunen, Antti; Takalo, Tuomas; Virrankoski, Juha (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2004)
    Discussion Paper No 6
  • Kultti, Klaus; Miettunen, Antti; Takalo, Tuomas; Virrankoski, Juha (University of Helsinki, 2004)
    Discussion Paper No 601
  • Koethenbuerger, Marko; Poutvaara, Panu; Profeta, Paola (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2005)
    Discussion Paper No 83
  • Poutvaara, Panu; Wagener, Andreas (Helsinki Center of Economic Research, 2005)
    Discussion Paper No 73