The United Nations Security Council reform in the Light of the Kantian Political Theory

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Title: The United Nations Security Council reform in the Light of the Kantian Political Theory
Author: Myllylä, Martti
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science
Date: 2001-08-08
Language: en
Thesis level: Licentiate thesis
Abstract: This study examines the reform of the United Nations' Security Council in the light of Immanuel Kant's political theory. The present constitutional structures of the international law with their basis in the United Nations' Charter are compared with Kantian political ideas. Normatively, the present United Nations does not meet the Kantian requirements of international right, because the United Nations is only a 'federation of states', not a 'federation of free states'. Before a federation of free states could be established, the states should become states that respect human rights and have government that genuinely represent the people. The principles of the United Nations' Security Council reform should be based on the strengthening role of the international law. The Kantian way of reforming the Security Council is to establish an international federation of free states. The rights-respecting nations, i.e. the liberal democracies, should enter into a contract with each other and subject themselves to the international law. Specifically, the principle of human rights should be lifted above the principle of state sovereignty. Ultimately, this means that such difficult questions as national self-determination, the borders of individual states and the use of international force should be subjected to the rule of law. The role and authority of the Security Council should be revised to constitute only executive power. The executive power should be given to those willing to be responsible for world security and those respected by the other states. The limits of the executive power, and the international use of force, can be rightfully set only by an independent court. In view of history, applying the Kantian principles of international right in all their ramifications could be a dangerous undertaking today. But on the other hand, there are indications that at least limited reform measures resembling the Kantian ideas are becoming inevitable. In addition, in order to promote international justice, states should make their opinions on the reform of the Security Council public.
Description: Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen ( Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler.Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database ( Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library.Vain tiivistelmä. Sidottujen gradujen saatavuuden voit tarkistaa Helka-tietokannasta ( Digitaaliset gradut voivat olla luettavissa avoimesti verkossa tai rajoitetusti kirjaston opinnäytekioskeilla.
Subject: Kant, Immanuel
United Nations
Security Council Reform

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