Yliopiston etusivulle Suomeksi På svenska In English Helsingin yliopisto

Voting Without Choosing: Sate Making and Elections in Zimbabwe

Show simple item record

dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Yleisen valtio-opin laitos fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Department of Political Science en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Allmän statslära, Institutionen för sv
dc.contributor.author Laakso, Liisa
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-08T09:29:39Z
dc.date.available 2009-09-08T09:29:39Z
dc.date.issued 2000-01-08 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/10584
dc.description Endast avhandlingens sammandrag. Pappersexemplaret av hela avhandlingen finns för läsesalsbruk i Statsvetenskapliga biblioteket (Unionsgatan 35). Dessa avhandlingar fjärrutlånas endast som microfiche. sv
dc.description Abstract only. The paper copy of the whole thesis is available for reading room use at the Library of Social Sciences (Unioninkatu 35) . Microfiche copies of these theses are available for interlibrary loans. en
dc.description Vain tiivistelmä. Opinnäytteiden sidotut arkistokappaleet ovat luettavissa HY:n keskustakampuksen valtiotieteiden kirjastossa (Unioninkatu 35). Opinnäytteitä lainataan ainoastaan mikrokortteina kirjaston kaukopalvelun välityksellä fi
dc.description.abstract Taking a critical stance toward the literature on democratisation in Africa, this qualitative analysis utilises empirical data on four general elections in Zimbabwe. Elections are approached by looking at their meaning for nation-building and state-building. The 1980 elections in Zimbabwe served to legitimise the transition to independence. The electorate voted according to the ethnic division, which allowed the ruling party, the Zimbabwe African National Union (Patriotic Front), ZANU(PF), to monitor its regional support. Consolidation of government power led to political repression in the region of the main opposition party, the Zimbabwe African People’s Union, ZAPU. The 1985 and 1990 elections reflected the way the government handled conflicts and showed how it learned to use legal and administrative means to hold power. Merging ZAPU with ZANU created a de facto one-party system. “State decay” with economic problems, corruption and concentration of power gave impetus to a new opposition party in 1990, while a large part of the urban voters abstained from voting. Urban apathy was exacerbated in the 1995/96 elections, when the opposition was weak. The ruling party has increasingly depended upon its support in the rural areas, which have become dependent on government aid. Although more vocal, interest groups used the 1990 elections to bargain with the government, rather than to support the opposition, and in 1995 exhibited cynicism toward the whole process. Yet civic groups have taken part in elections, not by competing in them but by working for their democratisation. This has served as compensation for democracy by providing the elite outside of the government an opportunity to criticise the way the leaders have been selected. It is argued that through this space civil society, interest groups and the competing parties have expressed nationhood and that in the context of state decay elections can have a potential to promote nation-building in spite of their undemocratic character. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.title Voting Without Choosing: Sate Making and Elections in Zimbabwe en
dc.identifier.laitoskoodi 711 en
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja fi
dc.type.ontasot Doktorsavhandling sv

Files in this item

Files Description Size Format View/Open
abstract.pdf 49.91Kb PDF View/Open
This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record

Search Helda


Advanced Search

Browse

My Account