Creating a cooperative collective identity between the ethnic Estonians and Russian-speaking minority

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science en
dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta, Yleisen valtio-opin laitos fi
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för allmän statslära sv
dc.contributor.author Uljas, Laila Irene
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-08T09:46:12Z
dc.date.available 2009-09-08T09:46:12Z
dc.date.issued 2007-10-19
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/11848
dc.description Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler. sv
dc.description Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library. en
dc.description Vain tiivistelmä. Sidottujen gradujen saatavuuden voit tarkistaa Helka-tietokannasta (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Digitaaliset gradut voivat olla luettavissa avoimesti verkossa tai rajoitetusti kirjaston opinnäytekioskeilla. fi
dc.description.abstract The Estonian national and collective identity is heavily affected by a history of foreign intrusion and occupation. During the Soviet era a large population of Russian-speaking immigrants migrated to Estonia in hope of a better life. Now after independence, there has been tension and difficulty in creating a collective identity, which encompasses both the ethnic Estonians and Russian-speaking minority. My research shows that there are three main challenges that are present in the Estonian society. The three issues that need to be addressed are the citizen and language issue, the self-confidence and identity of the Estonians and the restructuring of civil society which has been weak after independence. These challenges are also the keys to a realistic model of solution which includes creating a stronger civil society that allows both ethnic Estonians and the Russian-speaking minority to participate in. My research shows that language is a very important part of Estonian identity and part of the barrier that exists between the two groups. Resolving the language issue and boosting the Estonian identity would improve joint participation in the civil society. This in turn would reinforce self-confidence of both groups and help build their collective identity. These three key aspects offer an avenue for helping the two groups live together, and not separately. The EU brings new perspectives to the issue, adding a new layer of identity but meanwhile also strengthening the Estonian identity. It allows Estonia to clearly belong to the west, cutting its umbilical cord with Russia. en
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject national identity -- Estonia en
dc.subject collective identity en
dc.subject citizenship en
dc.subject language minorities en
dc.subject Russian language en
dc.subject civil society en
dc.subject Estonia en
dc.title Creating a cooperative collective identity between the ethnic Estonians and Russian-speaking minority en
dc.identifier.laitoskoodi 711
dc.type.ontasot master's thesis en
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu -tutkielmat fi
dc.type.ontasot pro gradu-avhandlingar sv
dc.type.dcmitype Text
dc.format.content abstractOnly

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