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Which World Do You See? Studies on Iris Murdoch's Moral Philosophy

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Use this URL to link or cite this item: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/11950
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Title: Which World Do You See? Studies on Iris Murdoch's Moral Philosophy
Author: Kaalikoski, Katri
Contributor: University of Helsinki
Thesis level: Doctoral dissertation
Abstract: This doctoral dissertation consists of eight articles and a summary. The subject of the study is the ethical theory of the British philosopher Iris Murdoch (1919-1999). The articles highlight two interrelated lines of significance in Murdoch's thought. First, the study focuses on Murdoch's approach to questions concerning the way in which philosophy pictures the relation between the "self" and the world. The main question is in which ways the individual person and the character of human experience is described and pictured in modern moral philosophy and what are the consequences of these different pictures to the lives and experiences of individual persons. The second line of Murdoch's thought the study follows is the criticism she directs towards modern moral philosophy and especially towards noncognitivistic ethics. Murdoch's position as a predecessor of new moral realism as well as her role in development of contemporary moral theory is emphasised. Murdoch's criticism of noncognitivism and her cognitivistic moral realism is construed as having an ideological basis which is connected with the problem concerning the relation between the "self" and the surrounding world and that goes back to nineteenth century Millian liberalism. Murdoch's idea of the relation between language and the world as well as her view of the relation between the "self" and the world is explained in terms of Platonistic metaphysics. Her metaphysical moral theory is seen as a platonistic-pramatistic theory, where the idea of the platonistic Good as a primary moral concept connects with liberal-political goals: the aim is to create, on a basis of a new picture of human reality, new naturalistic ethics. On a personal level naturalistic ethics could offer a solid foundation to private moral reflection and on the public level it could function as a ground for social and political ethical theory.
Description: Endast avhandlingens sammandrag. Pappersexemplaret av hela avhandlingen finns för läsesalsbruk i Statsvetenskapliga biblioteket (Unionsgatan 35). Dessa avhandlingar fjärrutlånas endast som microfiche.Abstract only. The paper copy of the whole thesis is available for reading room use at the Library of Social Sciences (Unioninkatu 35) . Microfiche copies of these theses are available for interlibrary loans.Vain tiivistelmä. Opinnäytteiden sidotut arkistokappaleet ovat luettavissa HY:n keskustakampuksen valtiotieteiden kirjastossa (Unioninkatu 35). Opinnäytteitä lainataan ainoastaan mikrokortteina kirjaston kaukopalvelun välityksellä
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/11950
Date: 2002-01-01
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