Which World Do You See? Studies on Iris Murdoch's Moral Philosophy

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dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto fi
dc.contributor University of Helsinki en
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet sv
dc.contributor.author Kaalikoski, Katri
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-08T09:47:37Z
dc.date.available 2009-09-08T09:47:37Z
dc.date.issued 2002-01-01 en
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/11950
dc.description Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler. sv
dc.description Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library. en
dc.description Vain tiivistelmä. Sidottujen gradujen saatavuuden voit tarkistaa Helka-tietokannasta (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Digitaaliset gradut voivat olla luettavissa avoimesti verkossa tai rajoitetusti kirjaston opinnäytekioskeilla. fi
dc.description.abstract This doctoral dissertation consists of eight articles and a summary. The subject of the study is the ethical theory of the British philosopher Iris Murdoch (1919-1999). The articles highlight two interrelated lines of significance in Murdoch's thought. First, the study focuses on Murdoch's approach to questions concerning the way in which philosophy pictures the relation between the "self" and the world. The main question is in which ways the individual person and the character of human experience is described and pictured in modern moral philosophy and what are the consequences of these different pictures to the lives and experiences of individual persons. The second line of Murdoch's thought the study follows is the criticism she directs towards modern moral philosophy and especially towards noncognitivistic ethics. Murdoch's position as a predecessor of new moral realism as well as her role in development of contemporary moral theory is emphasised. Murdoch's criticism of noncognitivism and her cognitivistic moral realism is construed as having an ideological basis which is connected with the problem concerning the relation between the "self" and the surrounding world and that goes back to nineteenth century Millian liberalism. Murdoch's idea of the relation between language and the world as well as her view of the relation between the "self" and the world is explained in terms of Platonistic metaphysics. Her metaphysical moral theory is seen as a platonistic-pramatistic theory, where the idea of the platonistic Good as a primary moral concept connects with liberal-political goals: the aim is to create, on a basis of a new picture of human reality, new naturalistic ethics. On a personal level naturalistic ethics could offer a solid foundation to private moral reflection and on the public level it could function as a ground for social and political ethical theory. en
dc.language.iso en en
dc.subject Murdoch, Iris en
dc.subject ethics - moral realism en
dc.subject Platonism en
dc.subject metaphysics en
dc.title Which World Do You See? Studies on Iris Murdoch's Moral Philosophy en
dc.type.ontasot Doctoral dissertation en
dc.type.ontasot Väitöskirja fi
dc.type.ontasot Doktorsavhandling sv

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