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Recent Submissions

  • Kytö, Juhani (Vesi- ja ympäristöhallitus, 1991)
  • Palacin-Silva, Maria; Seffah, Ahmed; Heikkinen, Kari; Porras, Jari; Pyhälahti, Timo; Sucksdorff, Yrjö; Anttila, Saku; Alasalmi, Hanna; Bruun, Eeva; Junttila, Sofia (Finnish Environment Institute, 2016)
    Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute 28/2016
    Citizen science has rapidly spread in the last decades around the world as a genuine interactive and inclusive opportunity for engaging citizens in the continuous collection of data relevant for science, governance, businesses, communal living and individual concerns. The present–day abundance of ICT technologies has caused the proliferation of two data collection methods in this field: participatory (user-centric) and opportunistic (device-centric). As a result, citizen observatories have become big data systems, with large scale volumes of data that come and go to millions of users.; about any social or environmental phenomenon (e.g. transit, air or weather) and comes in different formats (e.g. XML, Plain Text, CSV) and through different platforms (e.g. websites, mobile apps, sensor networks). This study reviewed the last 10 years of citizen science literature through a systematic literature review. This study identified 108 citizen observatories, which were deeply studied and clustered to identify global and European trends in environmental applications, practices, engagement techniques and technology uses. Challenges and recommendations from the literature in the field were classified to understand the common present and future path for the discipline. Furthermore, a survey and interviews were applied to stakeholders in Finland to gain broader understanding of the field country–wise. This study, provides the first comprehensive insight of the broad scale of contemporary ICT enabled citizen observatories in social and environmental dimensions.
  • Poikolainen, Pipsa (Vesi- ja ympäristöhallitus, 1990)
  • Poikolainen, Pipsa (Vesi- ja ympäristöhallitus, 1989)
  • Unknown author (Vesi- ja ympäristöhallitus, 1988)
  • Taponen, Suvi; Nykäsenoja, Suvi; Pohjanvirta, Tarja; Pitkälä, Anna; Pyörälä, Satu (BioMed Central, 2016)
    Background: Coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) are the most common bovine mastitis causing bacteria in many countries. It is known that resistance for antimicrobials is in general more common in CoNS than in Staphylococcus aureus but little is known about the antimicrobial resistance of specific CoNS species. In this study, 400 CoNS isolates from bovine mastitic milk samples were identified to species level using ribotyping and MALDI-TOF MS, and their antimicrobial susceptibility was determined using a commercially available microdilution system. The results were interpreted according to the epidemiological cut-off values by the European Committee on Antimicrobial Susceptibility testing. Results: The most common CoNS species were S. simulans, S. epidermidis, S. chromogenes and S. haemolyticus. Penicillin resistance was the most common type of antimicrobial resistance. Staphylococcus epidermidis was the most resistant among the four major species. Almost one-third of our S. epidermidis isolates were resistant to >2 antimicrobials and close to 7 % were multidrug resistant. The majority of S. epidermidis isolates were resistant to benzylpenicillin. On the contrary, only few S. simulans isolates were penicillin-resistant. Phenotypic oxacillin resistance was found in all four main species, and 34 % of the isolates were oxacillin resistant. However, only 21 isolates (5 %) were positive for the mecA gene. Of these, 20 were S. epidermidis and one S. sciuri. mecC positive isolates were not found. Conclusion: Staphylococcus epidermidis differed from the three other major CoNS species as resistance to the tested antimicrobials was common, several isolates were multidrug resistant, and 19 % of the isolates carried the mecA gene encoding methicillin resistance.
  • Holma-Suutari, A.; Ruokojärvi, P.; Komarov, A.A.; Makarov, D.A.; Ovcharenko, V.V.; Panin, A.N.; Kiviranta, H.; Laaksonen, S.; Nieminen, M.; Viluksela, M.; Hallikainen, A. (Springer, 2016)
    Background: The Finnish and Russian animal species (semi-domesticated reindeer, Finnish wild moose, Baltic grey seal and Baltic herring) samples were biomonitored in terrestrial and aquatic environments for polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (PCDD/Fs), polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) and polybrominated diphenylethers (PBDEs). Results: Grey seal (Halichoerus grypus) was clearly the most contaminated species. The mean PBDE concentration in grey seal was 115 ng/g fat, and the highest WHO-PCDD/F-PCB-TEQ (toxic equivalent set by WHO) was 327 pg/g fat. In Finnish, reindeer WHO-PCDD/F-TEQ varied from 0.92 pg/g fat in muscle to 90.8 pg/g fat in liver. WHO-PCDD/F-TEQ in moose liver samples was in the range of 0.7–4.26 pg/g fat, and WHO-PCB-TEQ in the range of 0.42–3.34 pg/g fat. Overall moose had clearly lower PCDD/F and DL-PCB concentrations in their liver than reindeer. Conclusions: Terrestrial animals generally had low POP concentrations, but in reindeer liver dioxin levels were quite high. All Finnish and Russian reindeer liver.
  • Hildén, Mikael; Soimakallio, Sampo; Seppälä, Jyri; Liski, Jari (Suomen ympäristökeskus, 2016)
    SYKE Policy Brief
  • Hilden, Mikael; Soimakallio, Sampo; Seppälä, Jyri; Liski, Jari (Suomen ympäristökeskus, 2016)
    SYKE Policy Brief
  • Kansaneläkelaitos Kela; Folkpensionsanstalten FPA; Social Insurance Institution of Finland Kela (Kela, tilasto- ja tietovarastoryhmä, 2016)
    Suomen Virallinen tilasto
    Vuonna 2014 työnantajan järjestämän työterveyshuollon piirissä oli Kelan korvaustietojen mukaan 1 829 800 työntekijää, joista sairaanhoidon ja muun terveydenhuollon palvelujen piirissä oli 1 729 100. Vuodesta 2005 vuoteen 2014 työterveyshuollon piiriin kuuluvien määrä on kasvanut 3,9 %
  • Haavisto, Ira; Kovacs, Gyöngyi (Emerald Group Publishing, 2014)
  • den Hond, Frank; Rehbein, Kathleen A.; de Bakker, Frank G. A.; van Lankveld, Hilde (Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd, 2014)
    It has recently been argued that CSR is ‘political’. It has been neglected however, that firms also operate politically in a traditional sense, in seeking to secure favorable political conditions for their businesses. We argue that there are potential synergies between CSR and CPA that are often overlooked by firms and that recognition of these synergies will stimulate firms to align their CSR and CPA. We develop a conceptual model that specifies how various configurations of a firm’s CSR and CPA—alignment, misalignment and nonalignment—affects the firm’s reputation beyond the separate reputation effects of CSR and CPA. This model has important implications for understanding how and why firms should pay attention to their CPA and CSR configurations, and thereby contributes to the broader issue of why firms should make sure that they are consistent in terms of responding to stakeholder concerns.
  • Kansaneläkelaitos Kela; Social Insurance Institution of Finland Kela; Folkpensionsanstalten FPA (Kela, tilasto- ja tietovarastoryhmä, 2016)
    Suomen virallinen tilasto
    Kelan asumistukitilasto 2015 sisältää keskeiset tiedot Kelan maksamista eläkkeensaajan asumistuista, yleisistä asumistuista sekä opintotuen asumislisistä. Julkaisu tarjoaa tilastoja näiden etuuksien saajista, asumisolosuhteista sekä maksetuista euromääristä. Eläkkeensaajan asumistuki, yleinen asumistuki ja opintotuen asumislisä ovat yksin asuville ja perheille myönnettäviä, suoraan asumismenoja pienentäviä asumistukia, joiden toimeenpano kuuluu Kelalle. Kela maksaa asumisen tukemiseen myös sotilasavustuksen asumisavustusta, mutta toimeentulotuen tyyppinen asumisavustus ei sisälly julkaisun tilastotaulukoihin.
  • Mattinen, Maija; Heljo, Juhani (Finnish Environment Institute, 2016)
    Reports of the Finnish Environment Institute 26/2016
    Monitoring needs have increased in recent years, and answers to various questions related to the energy use of the building stock are needed faster than before. POLIREM model is a calculation model that assesses the effect of different policy scenarios on the Finnish building stock. The model determines the energy consumption and greenhouse gas emissions, and its purpose is to assist in the reporting and scenario work. The model has a strong linkage with the statistical data, and a top-down approach, which makes the POLIREM different from previous bottom-up style building stock models. The POLIREM model was originally developed at the Tampere University of Technology in MS excel environment. In this work, the model was converted into a coded version that ensures flexible scenario building, including ease of updating the input data, as well as enabling further integration of new features and/or data sources. This report provides a technical specification of the python-coded scenario model POLIREM. This report is part of development work to establish national reporting system/evaluation scheme, and fulfils requirements for openness by describing transparently the used evaluation method for building stock modelling.