The Election of the European Parliament 2004 : A research concerning representation and proportionality in the European Parliament

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/13468
Title: The Election of the European Parliament 2004 : A research concerning representation and proportionality in the European Parliament
Author: Öhman, Jeanette
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science
Helsingin yliopisto, Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta, Yleisen valtio-opin laitos
Helsingfors universitet, Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för allmän statslära
Date: 2005-04-04
Language: en
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/13468
Thesis level: master's thesis
Abstract: In this Master"s thesis I will discuss the European Parliament and the consequences that led to the Treaty of Nice, in order to understand how the representation in the European Parliament is changing relating to the enlargement of the European Union in 2004. I will also study the advantages and disadvantages of large versus small units. In addition the thesis contains a short comparison of different electoral systems within the old member states as well as discuses representation and proportionality. My theories are mainly based on texts by Robert A Dahl and Edward R. Tufte, Aarend Lijphart as well as Leif Lewin and Jan Nordberg. In the course of the study I will use statistical as well as comparative methods. The representation of the citizens in the member states of the European Union is an important factor to take into consideration while examining the European Parliament. This thesis contains a comparison between the Members of Parliament (MEP) of 2004 and the average citizen in the European Union. Sociopolitical variables as age, education and remuneration are examined. I will also look into the election turn out in the different member states of the European Parliament election in 2004. One part of the thesis is a comparison of the amount of MEPs in the European Parliament in 1999 and five years later in 2004 when the Treaty of Nice was applied. The differences in representation among the member states do not change after the enlargement. However, small national parties in the small member states suffer from a decrease of representation, while overall the small member states are better represented. I have also looked into (dis-) proportionality in the representation of the member states.
Description: Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler.Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library.Vain tiivistelmä. Sidottujen gradujen saatavuuden voit tarkistaa Helka-tietokannasta (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Digitaaliset gradut voivat olla luettavissa avoimesti verkossa tai rajoitetusti kirjaston opinnäytekioskeilla.
Subject: european parliament - elections
treaty of Nice
european parliament - representatives - proportionality
Euroopan parlamentti - jäsenet
Eu-maat - europarlamentaarikot
europarlamenttivaalit
Nizzan sopimus


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