The role of expectations in euro area inflation dynamics

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Faculty of Social Sciences, Department of Political Science en
dc.contributor Helsingin yliopisto, Valtiotieteellinen tiedekunta, Yleisen valtio-opin laitos fi
dc.contributor Helsingfors universitet, Statsvetenskapliga fakulteten, Institutionen för allmän statslära sv
dc.contributor.author Paloviita, Maritta
dc.date.accessioned 2009-09-08T10:11:54Z
dc.date.available 2009-09-08T10:11:54Z
dc.date.issued 2004-12-16
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/13497
dc.description Endast sammandrag. Inbundna avhandlingar kan sökas i Helka-databasen (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Elektroniska kopior av avhandlingar finns antingen öppet på nätet eller endast tillgängliga i bibliotekets avhandlingsterminaler. sv
dc.description Only abstract. Paper copies of master’s theses are listed in the Helka database (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Electronic copies of master’s theses are either available as open access or only on thesis terminals in the Helsinki University Library. en
dc.description Vain tiivistelmä. Sidottujen gradujen saatavuuden voit tarkistaa Helka-tietokannasta (http://www.helsinki.fi/helka). Digitaaliset gradut voivat olla luettavissa avoimesti verkossa tai rajoitetusti kirjaston opinnäytekioskeilla. fi
dc.description.abstract This paper examines empirical performance of three different Phillips curve specifications in the euro area. Instead of imposing rational expectations, direct measures, ie OECD forecasts, are used to proxy for economic agents' inflation expectations. Real marginal costs are measured in three different ways. The results suggest that with directly measured expectations the estimated New Classical Phillips curve has satisfactory statistical properties. Moreover, the driving variable enters the estimated purely forward-looking New Keynesian Phillips curve with a correct sign, but it is definitely outperformed by the New Classical and the Hybrid Phillips curve. We interpret our results as indicating that the European inflation process is not purely forward-looking, so that inflation cannot instantaneously adjust to new information. Consequently, even allowing for possible non-rationality in expectations, a lagged inflation term enters the New Keynesian Phillips curve for the European inflation dynamics. The inflation process seems to have become more forward-looking in the recent years of low and stable inflation. Furthermore, in the New Keynesian Phillips curve relationship the output gap turns out to be at least as good a proxy for real marginal costs as the labour income share. en
dc.language.iso en
dc.subject Phillips curve en
dc.subject expectations en
dc.subject euro area en
dc.subject inflation en
dc.subject inflation dynamics en
dc.title The role of expectations in euro area inflation dynamics en
dc.identifier.laitoskoodi 711
dc.type.ontasot Licentiate thesis en
dc.type.ontasot Lisensiaatintyö fi
dc.type.ontasot Licentiatsavhandling sv
dc.type.dcmitype Text
dc.format.content abstractOnly

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