International Legal Protection for Climate Change Refugees

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Julkaisun nimi: International Legal Protection for Climate Change Refugees
Tekijä: Mohammad Hossein Zadeh Hashemi, Hoora
Muu tekijä: Helsingin yliopisto, Oikeustieteellinen tiedekunta
Julkaisija: Helsingfors universitet
Päiväys: 2014
Kieli: eng
Opinnäytteen taso: pro gradu -tutkielmat
Oppiaine: International law
Kansainvälinen oikeus
Tiivistelmä: The first migration due to severe changes in climate date back to centuries ago. However, in the past, climatic factors have not been as significant as the climate change we are currently experiencing. Sea level rise, frequency of the extreme weather, and drought and water scarcity are main impacts of climate change on humans’ lives. In most vulnerable places, these effects lead to disasters which may force millions of inhabitants to leave their usual homelands. Some studies estimate that over the course of this century, more than 200 million people will be displaced, temporarily or permanently, as a result of climate change. This thesis primarily aims to demonstrate that whether the existing refugee protection system is able to provide protection for climate change refugees. Given the specific requirements of the protection of this emerging group of refugees, this thesis demonstrates that the current refugee protection instruments, both in a regional or international level, seem incapable to cover climate change-induced displaced persons. Therefore, a number of different academic proposals have been drafted to provide protection for climate change refugees. Amendment to the existing instruments, adaptation of a protocol, or creation of an independent framework are common categories of these protective proposals. As the second question of this thesis, a few numbers of proposed frameworks are examined to point out their strengths and weaknesses.


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