Space weathering simulations through controlled growth of iron nanoparticles on olivine

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/136213

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Kohout , T , Čuda , J , Filip , J , Britt , D , Bradley , T , Tuček , J , Skála , R , Kletetschka , G , Kašlík , J , Malina , O , Šišková , K & Zbořil , R 2014 , ' Space weathering simulations through controlled growth of iron nanoparticles on olivine ' , Icarus , vol. 273 , pp. 75-83 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.icarus.2014.04.004

Title: Space weathering simulations through controlled growth of iron nanoparticles on olivine
Author: Kohout, T.; Čuda, J.; Filip, J.; Britt, D.; Bradley, T.; Tuček, J.; Skála, R.; Kletetschka, G.; Kašlík, J.; Malina, O.; Šišková, K.; Zbořil, R.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2014
Language: eng
Belongs to series: Icarus
ISSN: 0019-1035
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/136213
Abstract: Airless planetary bodies are directly exposed to space weathering. The main spectral effects of space weathering are darkening, reduction in intensity of silicate mineral absorption bands, and an increase in the spectral slope towards longer wavelengths (reddening). Production of nanophase metallic iron (npFe0) during space weathering plays major role in these spectral changes. A laboratory procedure for the controlled production of npFe0 in silicate mineral powders has been developed. The method is based on a two-step thermal treatment of low-iron olivine, first in ambient air and then in hydrogen atmosphere. Through this process, a series of olivine powder samples was prepared with varying amounts of npFe0 in the 7-20 nm size range. A logarithmic trend is observed between amount of npFe0 and darkening, reduction of 1 µm olivine absorption band, reddening, and 1 µm band width. Olivine with a population of physically larger npFe0 particles follows spectral trends similar to other samples, except for the reddening trend. This is interpreted as the larger, ~40-50 nm sized, npFe0 particles do not contribute to the spectral slope change as efficiently as the smaller npFe0 fraction. A linear trend is observed between the amount of npFe0 and 1 µm band center position, most likely caused by Fe2+ disassociation from olivine structure into npFe0 particles.
Subject: Asteroids, Surfaces
Moon
Regoliths
Spectroscopy
Olivine
115 Astronomy, Space science
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