Genome sequencing of two Neorhizobium galegae strains reveals a noeT gene responsible for the unusual acetylation of the nodulation factors

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Österman , J M , Marsh , J , Laine , P K S , Zeng , Z , Alatalo , R M E , Sullivan , J T , Young , J P W , Thomas-Oates , J , Paulin , L G & Lindström , A K 2014 , ' Genome sequencing of two Neorhizobium galegae strains reveals a noeT gene responsible for the unusual acetylation of the nodulation factors ' , BMC Genomics , vol. 15 , no. 1471-2164 , 500 . https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-15-500

Title: Genome sequencing of two Neorhizobium galegae strains reveals a noeT gene responsible for the unusual acetylation of the nodulation factors
Author: Österman, Janina Maria; Marsh, J.; Laine, Pia Kati Sofia; Zeng, Zhen; Alatalo, Rauno Matti Edward; Sullivan, John T; Young, J. Peter W.; Thomas-Oates, J; Paulin, Lars Göran; Lindström, Anna Kristina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Biosciences
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Ecosystems and Environment Research Programme
Date: 2014
Language: eng
Number of pages: 19
Belongs to series: BMC Genomics
ISSN: 1471-2164
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/136227
Abstract: Background The species Neorhizobium galegae comprises two symbiovars that induce nodules on Galega plants. Strains of both symbiovars, orientalis and officinalis, induce nodules on the same plant species, but fix nitrogen only in their own host species. The mechanism behind this strict host specificity is not yet known. In this study, genome sequences of representatives of the two symbiovars were produced, providing new material for studying properties of N. galegae, with a special interest in genomic differences that may play a role in host specificity. Results The genome sequences confirmed that the two representative strains are much alike at a whole-genome level. Analysis of orthologous genes showed that N. galegae has a higher number of orthologs shared with Rhizobium than with Agrobacterium. The symbiosis plasmid of strain HAMBI 1141 was shown to transfer by conjugation under optimal conditions. In addition, both sequenced strains have an acetyltransferase gene which was shown to modify the Nod factor on the residue adjacent to the non-reducing-terminal residue. The working hypothesis that this gene is of major importance in directing host specificity of N. galegae could not, however, be confirmed. Conclusions Strains of N. galegae have many genes differentiating them from strains of Agrobacterium, Rhizobium and Sinorhizobium. However, the mechanism behind their ecological difference is not evident. Although the final determinant for the strict host specificity of N. galegae remains to be identified, the gene responsible for the species-specific acetylation of the Nod factors was identified in this study. We propose the name noeT for this gene to reflect its role in symbiosis.
Subject: 1183 Plant biology, microbiology, virology
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