The horizontal stratigraphy of a medieval hamlet - Mankby in Espoo, Finland

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/153892

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Rosendahl , U 2015 , ' The horizontal stratigraphy of a medieval hamlet - Mankby in Espoo, Finland ' , META Historiskarkeologisk tidskrift , vol. 2015 , pp. 133 .

Title: The horizontal stratigraphy of a medieval hamlet - Mankby in Espoo, Finland
Author: Rosendahl, Ulrika
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies 2010-2017
Date: 2015
Language: eng
Number of pages: 148
Belongs to series: META Historiskarkeologisk tidskrift
ISSN: 2002-0406
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/153892
Abstract: The medieval hamlet Mankby in Espoo, Southern Finland, excavated from 2007–2013, has revealed a landscape that reflects the complex development of the region – from the initial Swedish colonization to the emergence of an established medieval village, a village that was abruptly dissolved in 1556, when the freeholding peasants were forced to leave their land to the royal demesne that the Swedish king Gustavus Vasa founded on this spot. This study explores this landscape change, and the different layers in the landscape through analyse of historical maps combined with data from archaeological field work. The land use in the area gives a quite stable impression from the end of the middle ages to the enlightenment, even though a drastic change in the experienced landscape appeared when the demesne took over the land. In contrast, the medieval hamlet period from the 13th to the mid-16th century show shifts in the land use and movements within the toftland that reflects the dynamics of the medieval period and shifts in agricultural technique.
Subject: 615 History and Archaeology
Landscape
medieval archaeology
villages
historical maps
Rural land use
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