Physical Activity, Body Composition and Metabolic Syndrome in Young Adults

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/156332

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Salonen , M K , Wasenius , N , Kajantie , E , Lano , A , Lahti , J , Heinonen , K , Räikkönen , K & Eriksson , J G 2015 , ' Physical Activity, Body Composition and Metabolic Syndrome in Young Adults ' PLoS One , vol. 10 , no. 5 , 0126737 . DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0126737

Title: Physical Activity, Body Composition and Metabolic Syndrome in Young Adults
Author: Salonen, Minna K.; Wasenius, Niko; Kajantie, Eero; Lano, Aulikki; Lahti, Jari; Heinonen, Kati; Räikkönen, Katri; Eriksson, Johan G.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital
University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Johan Eriksson / Principal Investigator
Date: 2015-05-20
Language: eng
Number of pages: 12
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/156332
Abstract: Objective Low physical activity (PA) is a major risk factor for cardiovascular and metabolic disorders in all age groups. We measured intensity and volume of PA and examined the associations between PA and the metabolic syndrome (MS), its components and body composition among young Finnish adults. Research Design and Methods The study comprises 991 men and women born 1985-86, who participated in a clinical study during the years 2009-11 which included assessments of metabolism, body composition and PA. Objectively measured (SenseWear Armband) five-day PA data was available from 737 participants and was expressed in metabolic equivalents of task (MET). Results The prevalence of MS ranged between 8-10%. Higher total mean volume (MET-hours) or intensity (MET) were negatively associated with the risk of MS and separate components of MS, while the time spent at sedentary level of PA was positively associated with MS. Conclusions MS was prevalent in approximately every tenth of the young adults at the age of 24 years. Higher total mean intensity and volume rates as well as longer duration spent at moderate and vigorous PA level had a beneficial impact on the risk of MS. Longer time spent at the sedentary level of PA increased the risk of MS.
Subject: TYPE-2 DIABETES-MELLITUS
RISK-FACTORS
CARDIOVASCULAR RISK
CARDIORESPIRATORY FITNESS
INSULIN SENSITIVITY
SEDENTARY BEHAVIOR
ENERGY-EXPENDITURE
DISEASE RISK
VISCERAL FAT
EXERCISE
3121 Internal medicine
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