Germanskt *watôr ’vatten’, namnet Vättern och fornsvenskt *vætur

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dc.contributor.author Schalin, Johan
dc.date.accessioned 2015-11-07T08:22:01Z
dc.date.available 2015-11-07T08:22:01Z
dc.date.issued 2010
dc.identifier.citation Schalin , J 2010 , ' Germanskt *watôr ’vatten’, namnet Vättern och fornsvenskt *vætur ' , Arkiv för Nordisk Filologi , nr. 125 , s. 5-50 .
dc.identifier.other PURE: 49281796
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 03bf2029-136d-427e-964f-b635d621c838
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/157913
dc.description.abstract Based on the name of the lake Vättern (Wetur 1222-1230, Uætor 1231-1240, Wætir 1303 etc.) and other hydronyms in central Sweden, as well as the name of a parish Væterløsa, an appellative *vætur is reconstructed for Old Swedish. According to an ono-mastic tradition prevalent in Sweden, this word is best understood as a later representative of IE *ued-ôr (coll. nom./acc. of the heteroclitic r/n-stem meaning ’water’). This hypothesis is shown to be untenable. The vowel of the suffix in *vætur may not be accounted for without ad hoc assumptions unexpected among Norse sound laws for final syllables. Even more critically, evidence for the postulated full grade, putatively Phrygic and Hittite, is elusive. Indeed, a form *uódôr, reconstructable for the dialectal IE precursor of Proto-Germanic and Balto-Slavic, should have occupied the very slot in the paradigm invoked to explain the word *vætur, notably the nom./acc. collective. The article examines alternative etymologies. An inventory is made of conditioning fac-tors that could account for a possible, but unlikely, raising of a suffix vowel *-ô-. The pos-sibilities of a derivation from the r/n-stem in question, from a verbal root or from a root noun are also studied. In conclusion the word is proposed to continue the remains of a Proto-Norse r-stem declination, cognate to West Germanic *watar, and lost to Norse when a singular form, back-formed from the plural weak stem *vatna-, was generalized. sv
dc.format.extent 46
dc.language.iso swe
dc.relation.ispartof Arkiv för Nordisk Filologi
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject 6121 Språkvetenskaper
dc.subject Vättern, *uedôr , *watôr, *vætur, swestar, Proto-Norse, Auslautgesetze, hydronyms, heteroclitic stems
dc.title Germanskt *watôr ’vatten’, namnet Vättern och fornsvenskt *vætur sv
dc.type Artikel
dc.contributor.organization Finskugriska och nordiska avdelningen
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.issn 0066-7668
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version acceptedVersion

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