Logocentrism and the Gathering Λóγος : Heidegger, Derrida, and the Contextual Centers of Meaning

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Backman , J 2012 , ' Logocentrism and the Gathering Λóγος : Heidegger, Derrida, and the Contextual Centers of Meaning ' , Research in Phenomenology , vol. 42 , no. 1 , pp. 67-91 . https://doi.org/10.1163/156916412X628757

Title: Logocentrism and the Gathering Λóγος : Heidegger, Derrida, and the Contextual Centers of Meaning
Author: Backman, Jussi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Philosophy, History, Culture and Art Studies 2010-2017
Date: 2012
Language: eng
Number of pages: 25
Belongs to series: Research in Phenomenology
ISSN: 0085-5553
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/157914
Abstract: Derrida's deconstructive strategy of reading texts can be understood as a way of highlighting the irreducible plurality of discursive meaning that undermines the traditional Western “logocentric“ desire for an absolute point of reference. While his notion of logocentrism was modeled on Heidegger's articulation of the traditional ontotheological framework of Aristotelian metaphysics, Derrida detects a logocentric remnant in Heidegger's own interpretation of gathering (Versammlung) as the basic movement of λόγος, discursiveness. However, I suggest that Derrida here touches upon a certain limit of deconstruction. As Derrida himself points out, the “decentering“ effect of deconstruction does not simply abolish the unifying and focalizing function of discourse. Insofar as deconstruction involves reading and interpreting, it cannot completely evade narrative focalization. Rather, both Heidegger and Derrida can be understood as addressing the radical contextuality of all discursive centers and focal points as well as the consequent impossibility of an ultimate and definitive metanarrative.
Subject: 611 Philosophy
continental philosophy
phenomenology
deconstruction
history of philosophy
ancient philosophy
philosophy of language
language
unity
logos
hermeneutics
contextuality
Heidegger, Martin
Derrida, Jacques
Aristotle
metaphysics
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