Bohm's approach and individuality

Show simple item record Pylkkänen, Paavo Hiley, Basil Pättiniemi, Ilkka
dc.contributor.editor Guay, A.
dc.contributor.editor Pradeu, T. 2016-01-12T12:05:01Z 2016-01-12T12:05:01Z 2016
dc.identifier.citation Pylkkänen , P , Hiley , B & Pättiniemi , I 2016 , Bohm's approach and individuality . in A Guay & T Pradeu (eds) , Individuals Across Sciences: A Revisionary Metaphysics? . vol. 2016 , Oxford University Press , New York .
dc.identifier.other PURE: 34768901
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 8668be08-54fe-485d-8d54-7156f2a3394c
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-7838-8293/work/29578442
dc.description.abstract Ladyman and Ross (LR) 2007 argue that quantum objects are not individuals (or are at most weakly discernible individuals) and use this idea to ground their metaphysical view, ontic structural realism, according to which relational structures are primary to things. LR acknowledge that there is a version of quantum theory, namely the Bohm theory (BT), according to which particles do have definite trajectories at all times (Bohm 1952; Bohm and Hiley 1993). This would suggest that quantum particles are individuals after all, with position being the property in virtue of which particles are always different from one another. However, LR refer to research by Brown et al. (1996) which they interpret as saying that in BT, the properties normally associated with particles (mass, charge, etc.) are inherent only in the quantum field and not in the particles (in BT it is assumed that a particle is always accompanied by a quantum field). It would then seem that there is nothing there in the trajectories unless one assumes the existence of some “raw stuff” of the particle. In other words it seems that haecceities are needed for the individuality of particles of BT, and LR dismiss this as idle metaphysics. In this paper we point out, following Brown et al.(1996, 1999) that it is reasonable to assume that in BT properties such as mass and charge also reside in the particles (the principle of generosity). Thus, if BT is correct, quantum objects might be individuals after all. However, we move on to emphasize that Bohmian quantum individuals, while in some ways similar to classical particles, also differ from these radically. We will discuss this issue in the light of new developments in the underlying mathematical structures, due to de Gosson and Hiley. In particular, we will show how the mathematical structure of the double cover of the underlying symmetry groups help to understand the relation between classical dynamics and quantum dynamics, as well as the similarities and differences between classical and quantum individuals. We conclude that while BT enables us to retain the notion of individuals in non-relativistic quantum theory, these individuals are very different from those of classical physics. It is likely that they can be best understood in the context of a structuralist, process-oriented view, such as Bohm and Hiley’s broader implicate order framework. Thus, while we think that the prospects of individuality in quantum theory are stronger than what LR imply, we agree with them that structuralist considerations are important in fundamental physics more generally. en
dc.format.extent 28
dc.language.iso eng
dc.publisher Oxford University Press
dc.relation.ispartof Individuals Across Sciences: A Revisionary Metaphysics?
dc.relation.isversionof 978-0-19-938251-4
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/restrictedAccess
dc.subject 6162 Cognitive science
dc.title Bohm's approach and individuality en
dc.type Chapter
dc.contributor.organization Department of Philosophy, History and Art Studies
dc.contributor.organization Theoretical Philosophy
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.rights.accesslevel restrictedAccess
dc.type.version submittedVersion
dc.relation.funder Unknown funder

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