Exposure to Airborne Particles and Volatile Organic Compounds from Polyurethane Molding, Spray Painting, Lacquering, and Gluing in a Workshop

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/159387

Citation

Molgaard , B , Viitanen , A-K , Kangas , A , Huhtiniemi , M , Larsen , S T , Vanhala , E , Hussein , T , Boor , B E , Hämeri , K & Koivisto , A J 2015 , ' Exposure to Airborne Particles and Volatile Organic Compounds from Polyurethane Molding, Spray Painting, Lacquering, and Gluing in a Workshop ' , International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health , vol. 12 , no. 4 , pp. 3756-3773 . https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph120403756

Title: Exposure to Airborne Particles and Volatile Organic Compounds from Polyurethane Molding, Spray Painting, Lacquering, and Gluing in a Workshop
Author: Molgaard, Bjarke; Viitanen, Anna-Kaisa; Kangas, Anneli; Huhtiniemi, Marika; Larsen, Soren Thor; Vanhala, Esa; Hussein, Tareq; Boor, Brandon E.; Hämeri, Kaarle; Koivisto, Antti Joonas
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2015-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 18
Belongs to series: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
ISSN: 1660-4601
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/159387
Abstract: Due to the health risk related to occupational air pollution exposure, we assessed concentrations and identified sources of particles and volatile organic compounds (VOCs) in a handcraft workshop producing fishing lures. The work processes in the site included polyurethane molding, spray painting, lacquering, and gluing. We measured total VOC (TVOC) concentrations and particle size distributions at three locations representing the various phases of the manufacturing and assembly process. The mean working-hour TVOC concentrations in three locations studied were 41, 37, and 24 ppm according to photo-ionization detector measurements. The mean working-hour particle number concentration varied between locations from 3000 to 36,000 cm(-3). Analysis of temporal and spatial variations of TVOC concentrations revealed that there were at least four substantial VOC sources: spray gluing, mold-release agent spraying, continuous evaporation from various lacquer and paint containers, and either spray painting or lacquering (probably both). The mold-release agent spray was indirectly also a major source of ultrafine particles. The workers' exposure can be reduced by improving the local exhaust ventilation at the known sources and by increasing the ventilation rate in the area with the continuous source.
Subject: ISOCYANATE EXPOSURES
PARTICULATE MATTER
AIR-POLLUTION
ULTRAFINE PARTICLES
PHOTOCOPY CENTERS
SIZE DISTRIBUTION
SURFACE-AREA
NUMBER
METRICS
MASS
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
1172 Environmental sciences
114 Physical sciences
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
ijerph_12_03756.pdf 564.2Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record