The Racer's Brain - How Domain Expertise is Reflected in the Neural Substrates of Driving

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/159774

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Lappi , O 2015 , ' The Racer's Brain - How Domain Expertise is Reflected in the Neural Substrates of Driving ' , Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , vol. 9 , 635 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00635

Title: The Racer's Brain - How Domain Expertise is Reflected in the Neural Substrates of Driving
Author: Lappi, Otto
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
Date: 2015-11-24
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
ISSN: 1662-5161
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/159774
Abstract: A fundamental question in human brain plasticity is how sensory, motor, and cognitive functions adapt in the process of skill acquisition extended over a period of many years. Recently, there has emerged a growing interest in cognitive neuroscience on studying the functional and structural differences in the brains of elite athletes. Elite performance in sports, music, or the arts, allows us to observe sensorimotor and cognitive performance at the limits of human capability. In this mini-review, we look at driving expertise. The emerging brain imaging literature on the neural substrates of real and simulated driving is reviewed (for the first time), and used as the context for interpreting recent findings on the differences between racing drivers and non-athlete controls. Also the cognitive psychology and cognitive neuroscience of expertise are discussed.
Subject: expertise
driving
race driving
simulators
brain imaging
fMRI
PREFRONTAL CORTEX
RETROSPLENIAL CORTEX
DELIBERATE PRACTICE
COGNITIVE CONTROL
TRANSFORMATIONS
BEHAVIOR
REPRESENTATION
ORGANIZATION
PERFORMANCE
NAVIGATION
6162 Cognitive science
515 Psychology
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