Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music : a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females

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Carlson , E , Saarikallio , S , Toiviainen , P , Bogert , B , Kliuchko , M & Brattico , E 2015 , ' Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music : a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females ' , Frontiers in Human Neuroscience , vol. 9 , 466 . https://doi.org/10.3389/fnhum.2015.00466

Title: Maladaptive and adaptive emotion regulation through music : a behavioral and neuroimaging study of males and females
Author: Carlson, Emily; Saarikallio, Suvi; Toiviainen, Petri; Bogert, Brigitte; Kliuchko, Marina; Brattico, Elvira
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Collegium for Advanced Studies
Date: 2015-08-26
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience
ISSN: 1662-5161
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/159781
Abstract: Music therapists use guided affect regulation in the treatment of mood disorders. However, self-directed uses of music in affect regulation are not fully understood. Some uses of music may have negative effects on mental health, as can non music regulation strategies, such as rumination. Psychological testing and functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) were used explore music listening strategies in relation to mental health. Participants (n = 123) were assessed for depression, anxiety and Neuroticism, and uses of Music in Mood Regulation (MMR). Neural responses to music were measured in the medial prefrontal cortex (mPFC) in a subset of participants (n = 56). Discharge, using music to express negative emotions, related to increased anxiety and Neuroticism in all participants and particularly in males. Males high in Discharge showed decreased activity of mPFC during music listening compared with those using less Discharge. Females high in Diversion, using music to distract from negative emotions, showed more mPFC activity than females using less Diversion. These results suggest that the use of Discharge strategy can be associated with maladaptive patterns of emotional regulation, and may even have long-term negative effects on mental health. This finding has real-world applications in psychotherapy and particularly in clinical music therapy.
Subject: music
emotion regulation
fMRI
prefrontal cortex
gender differences
mental health
PLACEBO-CONTROLLED TRIAL
HEAVY-METAL MUSIC
GENDER-DIFFERENCES
DEPRESSIVE SYMPTOMS
INDIVIDUAL-DIFFERENCES
PSYCHIATRIC-PATIENTS
INTERFERON-ALPHA
MOOD REGULATION
SELF-REGULATION
DOUBLE-BLIND
515 Psychology
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