Expertise among professional magicians : an interview study

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences en Rissanen, Olli Pitkänen, Petteri Juvonen, Antti Kuhn, Gustav Hakkarainen, Kai 2016-02-01T08:31:02Z 2016-02-01T08:31:02Z 2014-12
dc.identifier.citation Rissanen , O , Pitkänen , P , Juvonen , A , Kuhn , G & Hakkarainen , K 2014 , ' Expertise among professional magicians : an interview study ' , Frontiers in Psychology , vol. 5 , 1484 , pp. 1-13 . en
dc.identifier.issn 1664-1078
dc.identifier.other PURE: 45568000
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 1dfd21f9-b929-4b2f-bf66-cc00ad202135
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000348073600001
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 84923359953
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0003-3507-7537/work/29405865
dc.description.abstract The purpose of the present investigation was to analyse interviews of highly regarded Finnish magicians. Social network analysis (N=120) was used to identify Finland’s most highly regarded magicians (N=16). The selected participants’ careers in professional magic and various aspects of their professional conduct were examined by relying on semi-structured interviews. The results revealed that cultivation of professional level competence in magic usually requires an extensive period of time compared with other domains of expertise. Magic is a unique performing art and it differs from other professions focusing on deceiving the audience. A distinctive feature of magical expertise is that the process takes place entirely through informal training supported by communities of magical practitioners. Three interrelated aspects of magical activity were distinguished: magic tricks, performance, and audience. Although magic tricks constitute a central aspect of magic activity, the participants did not talk about their tricks extensively; this is in accordance with the secretive nature of magic culture. The interviews revealed that a core aspect of the magicians’ activity is performance in front of an audience that repeatedly validates competence cultivated through years of practice. The interviewees reported investing a great deal of effort in planning, orchestrating, and reflecting on their performances. Close interaction with the audience plays an important role in most interviewees’ activity. Many participants put a great deal of effort in developing novel magic tricks. It is common to borrow magic effects from fellow magicians and develop novel methods of implementation. Because magic tricks or programs are not copyrighted, many interviewees considered “stealing” an unacceptable and unethical aspect of magical activity. The interviewees highlighted the importance of personality and charisma in the successful pursuit of magic activity. fi
dc.format.extent 13
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Frontiers in Psychology
dc.rights en
dc.subject 515 Psychology en
dc.subject 516 Educational sciences en
dc.title Expertise among professional magicians : an interview study en
dc.title.alternative Ammattilaistaikuruiden asiantuntijuus haastattelukysymys en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion

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