Serological evidence of tick-borne encephalitis virus infection in moose and deer in Finland : sentinels for virus circulation

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/160255

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Tonteri , E , Jokelainen , P , Matala , J , Pusenius , J & Vapalahti , O 2016 , ' Serological evidence of tick-borne encephalitis virus infection in moose and deer in Finland : sentinels for virus circulation ' , Parasites & vectors , vol. 9 , 54 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13071-016-1335-6

Title: Serological evidence of tick-borne encephalitis virus infection in moose and deer in Finland : sentinels for virus circulation
Author: Tonteri, Elina; Jokelainen, Pikka; Matala, Juho; Pusenius, Jyrki; Vapalahti, Olli
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Medicum
University of Helsinki, Veterinary Biosciences
University of Helsinki, Medicum
Date: 2016-01-29
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Parasites & vectors
ISSN: 1756-3305
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/160255
Abstract: Background: The incidence of tick-borne encephalitis (TBE) in humans has increased in Finland, and the disease has emerged in new foci. These foci have been investigated to determine the circulating virus subtype, the tick host species and the ecological parameters, but countrywide epidemiological information on the distribution of TBEV has been limited. Methods: In this study, we screened sera from hunter-harvested wild cervids for the presence of antibodies against tick-borne encephalitis virus (TBEV) with a hemagglutination inhibition test. The positive results were confirmed by a neutralisation assay. Results: Nine (0.74 %) of 1213 moose, one (0.74 %) of 135 white-tailed deer, and none of the 17 roe deer were found seropositive for TBEV. A close geographical congruence between seropositive cervids and recently reported human TBE cases was observed: nine of the ten seropositive animals were from known endemic areas. Conclusions: Our results confirm the local circulation of TBEV in several known endemic areas. One seropositive moose had been shot in an area where human TBE cases have not been reported, suggesting a possible new focus. Moose appear to be a useful sentinel animal for the presence of TBEV in the taiga region.
Subject: Moose
Roe deer
Serology
Tick-borne encephalitis
White-tailed deer
Zoonosis
ROE DEER
ALCES-ALCES
ANTIBODIES
DETERMINANTS
TRANSMISSION
SERA
RISK
FOCI
SURVEILLANCE
POPULATION
3111 Biomedicine
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