Life Course Trajectories of Labour Market Participation among Young Adults Who Experienced Severe Alcohol-Related Health Outcomes : A Retrospective Cohort Study

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Paljarvi , T , Martikainen , P , Pensola , T , Leinonen , T , Herttua , K & Makela , P 2015 , ' Life Course Trajectories of Labour Market Participation among Young Adults Who Experienced Severe Alcohol-Related Health Outcomes : A Retrospective Cohort Study ' , PLoS One , vol. 10 , no. 5 , 0126215 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126215

Title: Life Course Trajectories of Labour Market Participation among Young Adults Who Experienced Severe Alcohol-Related Health Outcomes : A Retrospective Cohort Study
Author: Paljarvi, Tapio; Martikainen, Pekka; Pensola, Tiina; Leinonen, Taina; Herttua, Kimmo; Makela, Pia
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
University of Helsinki, Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
University of Helsinki, Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
Date: 2015-05-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/160355
Abstract: Background Long-term employment trajectories of young problem drinkers are poorly understood. Methods We constructed retrospective labour market participation histories at ages 18-34 of 64 342 persons born in 1969-1982. Beginning from the year of each subject's 18th birthday, we extracted information from the records of Statistics Finland on educational attainment, main type of economic activity, months in employment, and months in unemployment for a minimum of seven years (range 7-16 years). We used information on the timing of alcohol-related hospitalizations and deaths in the same period to define problem drinkers with early onset limited course, early onset persistent course, and late onset problem drinking. Results Early onset limited course problem drinkers improved their employment considerably by age, whereas early onset persistent problem drinkers experienced a constant decline in their employment by age. From the age of 18 to 34, early onset persistent problem drinkers were in employment merely 12% of the time, in comparison with 39% among the early onset limited course problem drinkers, and 58% among the general population. Conclusions These results indicate that young adults who were retrospectively defined as having early onset persistent course problem drinking were extensively marginalized from the labour market early on during their life course, and that their employment trajectory was significantly worse compared to other problem drinkers.
Subject: EDUCATIONAL-ATTAINMENT
SUBSTANCE USE
OCCUPATIONAL ATTAINMENT
SOCIAL DETERMINANTS
EMERGING ADULTHOOD
BINGE DRINKING
PARENTAL HOME
UNEMPLOYMENT
RISK
DEPENDENCE
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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