The Impact of Hypnotic Suggestions on Reaction Times in Continuous Performance Test in Adults with ADHD and Healthy Controls

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Virta , M , Hiltunen , S , Mattsson , M & Kallio , S 2015 , ' The Impact of Hypnotic Suggestions on Reaction Times in Continuous Performance Test in Adults with ADHD and Healthy Controls ' , PLoS One , vol. 10 , no. 5 , 0126497 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0126497

Title: The Impact of Hypnotic Suggestions on Reaction Times in Continuous Performance Test in Adults with ADHD and Healthy Controls
Author: Virta, Maarit; Hiltunen, Seppo; Mattsson, Markus; Kallio, Sakari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, The Centre for University Teaching and Learning (HYPE)
Date: 2015-05-11
Language: eng
Number of pages: 15
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/160359
Abstract: Attention is one of the key factors in both hypnotic processes and patients with ADHD. In addition, the brain areas associated with hypnosis and ADHD overlap in many respects. However, the use of hypnosis in ADHD patients has still received only minor attention in research. The main purpose of the present work was to investigate whether hypnosis and hypnotic suggestions influence the performance of adult ADHD (n = 27) and control participants (n = 31) in the continuous performance test (CPT). The hypnotic susceptibility of the participants was measured by the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility (HGSHS: A) and the attentional task was a three minute long auditory version of the CPT. The CPT task was administered four times: before hypnosis (CPT1), after a hypnotic induction (CPT2), after suggestions about speed and accuracy (CPT3), and after the termination of hypnosis (CPT4). The susceptibility of the groups measured by HGSHS: A did not differ. There was a statistically significant decrease in reaction times in both ADHD and control groups between CPT2 and CPT3. The differences between CPT1 and CPT2, even though non-significant, were different in the two groups: in the ADHD group reaction times decreased whereas in the control group they increased. Both groups made very few errors in the short CPT. This study indicates that hypnotic suggestions have an effect on reaction times in the sustained attention task both in adult ADHD patients and control subjects. The theoretical and clinical implications are discussed.
Subject: ATTENTION-DEFICIT/HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
DEFICIT HYPERACTIVITY DISORDER
COGNITIVE-BEHAVIORAL THERAPY
NETWORK CONNECTIVITY
DEFAULT MODE
STROOP TASK
GROUP SCALE
HYPNOSIS
BRAIN
SUSCEPTIBILITY
515 Psychology
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