Short report : self-reported psychopathic traits in Finnish and Dutch samples of non-referred adolescents: exploration of cultural differences

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/160832

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Oshukova , S , Kaltiala-Heino , R , Hillege , S , de Ruiter , C , Joffe , G , Miettunen , J , Marttila , R , Marttunen , M , Kaivosoja , M & Lindberg , N 2016 , ' Short report : self-reported psychopathic traits in Finnish and Dutch samples of non-referred adolescents: exploration of cultural differences ' Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health , vol. 10 , 3 . DOI: 10.1186/s13034-015-0090-3

Title: Short report : self-reported psychopathic traits in Finnish and Dutch samples of non-referred adolescents: exploration of cultural differences
Author: Oshukova, Svetlana; Kaltiala-Heino, Riittakerttu; Hillege, Sanne; de Ruiter, Corine; Joffe, Grigori; Miettunen, Jouko; Marttila, Riikka; Marttunen, Mauri; Kaivosoja, Matti; Lindberg, Nina
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
University of Helsinki, Department of Psychiatry
Date: 2016-02-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Child and Adolescent Psychiatry and Mental Health
ISSN: 1753-2000
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/160832
Abstract: Background: Culture-related differences in psychopathic traits have been reported for adults, but for adolescents such knowledge is lacking. The aim of this cross-national study was to compare self-reported psychopathic traits between Finnish and Dutch samples of mid-adolescent community youth. Methods: The Youth Psychopathic traits Inventory (YPI) was filled in by 372 Finnish and 474 Dutch 15- to 16-year-old pupils. As gender-specific differences exist in psychopathic traits, we analyzed the data separately for boys and girls. Results: Dutch boys scored significantly higher than Finnish boys on total and all dimensional scores of the YPI as well as on most sub-dimensional scores. Dutch girls scored significantly higher than Finnish girls on the Affective dimension and on the two corresponding sub-dimensions: remorselessness and callousness. Finnish girls scored significantly higher on grandiosity, which loads to the Interpersonal dimension of the YPI. Conclusions: Our findings suggest that culture influences the manifestation of psychopathic traits already in adolescence and that this relation is more prominent in boys.
Subject: Adolescents
Cultural differences
Psychopathic traits
INVENTORY YPI
PERSONALITY
VALIDITY
BEHAVIOR
VERSION
BOYS
3124 Neurology and psychiatry
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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