Maternal Prenatal Positive Affect, Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms and Birth Outcomes : The PREDO Study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/161107

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Pesonen , A-K , Lahti , M , Kuusinen , T , Tuovinen , S , Villa , P , Hämäläinen , E , Laivuori , H , Kajantie , E & Räikkönen , K 2016 , ' Maternal Prenatal Positive Affect, Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms and Birth Outcomes : The PREDO Study ' , PLoS One , vol. 11 , no. 2 , 0150058 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0150058

Title: Maternal Prenatal Positive Affect, Depressive and Anxiety Symptoms and Birth Outcomes : The PREDO Study
Author: Pesonen, Anu-Katriina; Lahti, Marius; Kuusinen, Tiina; Tuovinen, Soile; Villa, Pia; Hämäläinen, Esa; Laivuori, Hannele; Kajantie, Eero; Räikkönen, Katri
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
University of Helsinki, Children's Hospital
University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
Date: 2016-02-26
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/161107
Abstract: Background We investigated whether maternal prenatal emotions are associated with gestational length and birth weight in the large PREDO Study with multiple measurement points of emotions during gestation. Methods Altogether 3376 pregnant women self-assessed their positive affect (PA, Positive and Negative Affect Schedule) and depressive (Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale, CES-D) and anxiety (Spielberger State Anxiety Scale, STAI) symptoms up to 14 times during gestation. Birth characteristics were derived from the National Birth Register and from medical records. Results One standard deviation (SD) unit higher PA during the third pregnancy trimester was associated with a 0.05 SD unit longer gestational length, whereas one SD unit higher CES-D and STAI scores during the third trimester were associated with 0.04-0.05 SD unit shorter gestational lengths (P-values = 42 weeks), birth weight and fetal growth were not associated with maternal prenatal emotions. Conclusions This study with 14 measurements of maternal emotions during pregnancy show modest effects of prenatal emotions during the third pregnancy trimester, particularly in the weeks close to delivery, on gestational length. From the clinical perspective, the effects were negligible. No associations were detected between prenatal emotions and birth weight.
Subject: CORTICOTROPIN-RELEASING HORMONE
HIGH-RISK WOMEN
PRETERM BIRTH
PSYCHOLOGICAL DISTRESS
PREGNANCY
STRESS
METAANALYSIS
DELIVERY
POSTPARTUM
MECHANISMS
515 Psychology
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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