Study of cosmic ray events with high muon multiplicity using the ALICE detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/161267

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Adam , J , Brucken , E J , Chang , B , Hilden , T E , Kim , D J , Kral , J , Mieskolainen , M M , Orava , R , Rak , J , Räsänen , S S , Snellman , T W , Trzaska , W H & The ALICE Collaboration 2016 , ' Study of cosmic ray events with high muon multiplicity using the ALICE detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider ' , Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics , vol. 2016 , no. 01 , 032 . https://doi.org/10.1088/1475-7516/2016/01/032

Title: Study of cosmic ray events with high muon multiplicity using the ALICE detector at the CERN Large Hadron Collider
Author: Adam, J.; Brucken, E. J.; Chang, B.; Hilden, T. E.; Kim, D. J.; Kral, J.; Mieskolainen, M. M.; Orava, R.; Rak, J.; Räsänen, S. S.; Snellman, T. W.; Trzaska, W. H.; The ALICE collaboration
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, Helsinki Institute of Physics
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
University of Helsinki, University of Jyväskylä
Date: 2016-01
Language: eng
Number of pages: 25
Belongs to series: Journal of Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics
ISSN: 1475-7516
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/161267
Abstract: ALICE is one of four large experiments at the CERN Large Hadron Collider near Geneva, specially designed to study particle production in ultra-relativistic heavy-ion collisions. Located 52 meters underground with 28 meters of overburden rock, it has also been used to detect muons produced by cosmic ray interactions in the upper atmosphere. In this paper, we present the multiplicity distribution of these atmospheric muons and its comparison with Monte Carlo simulations. This analysis exploits the large size and excellent tracking capability of the ALICE Time Projection Chamber. A special emphasis is given to the study of high multiplicity events containing more than 100 reconstructed muons and corresponding to a muon areal density rho(mu) > 5.9 m(-2). Similar events have been studied in previous underground experiments such as ALEPH and DELPHI at LEP. While these experiments were able to reproduce the measured muon multiplicity distribution with Monte Carlo simulations at low and intermediate multiplicities, their simulations failed to describe the frequency of the highest multiplicity events. In this work we show that the high multiplicity events observed in ALICE stem from primary cosmic rays with energies above 10(16) eV and that the frequency of these events can be successfully described by assuming a heavy mass composition of primary cosmic rays in this energy range. The development of the resulting air showers was simulated using the latest version of QGSJET to model hadronic interactions. This observation places significant constraints on alternative, more exotic, production mechanisms for these events.
Subject: cosmic ray experiments
cosmic rays detectors
EXTENSIVE AIR-SHOWERS
ENERGY-SPECTRUM
BUNDLES
REGION
LEP
115 Astronomy, Space science
114 Physical sciences
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