Dietary Intake at 9 Years and Subsequent Body Mass Index in Adolescent Boys and Girls : A Study of Monozygotic Twin Pairs

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Dubois , L , Diasparra , M , Bogl , L-H , Fontaine-Bisson , B , Bedard , B , Tremblay , R E , Kaprio , J & Boivin , M 2016 , ' Dietary Intake at 9 Years and Subsequent Body Mass Index in Adolescent Boys and Girls : A Study of Monozygotic Twin Pairs ' , Twin Research and Human Genetics , vol. 19 , no. 1 , pp. 47-59 . https://doi.org/10.1017/thg.2015.97

Title: Dietary Intake at 9 Years and Subsequent Body Mass Index in Adolescent Boys and Girls : A Study of Monozygotic Twin Pairs
Author: Dubois, Lise; Diasparra, Maikol; Bogl, Leonie-Helen; Fontaine-Bisson, Benedicte; Bedard, Brigitte; Tremblay, Richard E.; Kaprio, Jaakko; Boivin, Michel
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
University of Helsinki, Clinicum




Date: 2016-02
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Twin Research and Human Genetics
ISSN: 1832-4274
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/thg.2015.97
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/161287
Abstract: There is a lack of evidence pointing to specific dietary elements related to weight gain and obesity prevention in childhood and adulthood. Dietary intake and obesity are both inherited and culturally transmitted, but most prospective studies on the association between diet and weight status do not take genetics into consideration. The objective of this study was to document the association between dietary intake at 9 years and subsequent Body Mass Index (BMI) in adolescent monozygotic boy and girl twin pairs. This research used data from 152 twin pairs. Dietary data were collected from two 24-hour-recall interviews with a parent and the child aged 9 years. Height and weight were obtained when the twins were aged 9, 12, 13, and 14 years. Intrapair variability analysis was performed to identify dietary elements related to BMI changes in subsequent years. BMI-discordant monozygotic twin pairs were also identified to analyze the dietary constituents that may have generated the discordance. After eliminating potential confounding genetic factors, pre-adolescent boys who ate fewer grain products and fruit and consumed more high-fat meat and milk had higher BMIs during adolescence; pre-adolescent girls who consumed more grain products and high-fat meat and milk had higher BMIs during adolescence. Energy intake (EI) at 9 years was not related to BMI in subsequent years. Our study suggests that messages and interventions directed at obesity prevention could take advantage of sex-specific designs and, eventually, genetic information.
Subject: twins
monozygotic
diet
BMI
adolescents
longitudinal
QUEBEC NEWBORN TWIN
CHILDHOOD OBESITY
ENERGY-INTAKE
DISCORDANT
MACRONUTRIENTS
OVERWEIGHT
GROWTH
AGE
3111 Biomedicine
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
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