Dietary Intake at 9 Years and Subsequent Body Mass Index in Adolescent Boys and Girls : A Study of Monozygotic Twin Pairs

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dc.contributor.author Dubois, Lise
dc.contributor.author Diasparra, Maikol
dc.contributor.author Bogl, Leonie-Helen
dc.contributor.author Fontaine-Bisson, Benedicte
dc.contributor.author Bedard, Brigitte
dc.contributor.author Tremblay, Richard E.
dc.contributor.author Kaprio, Jaakko
dc.contributor.author Boivin, Michel
dc.date.accessioned 2016-04-21T11:58:01Z
dc.date.available 2016-04-21T11:58:01Z
dc.date.issued 2016-02
dc.identifier.citation Dubois , L , Diasparra , M , Bogl , L-H , Fontaine-Bisson , B , Bedard , B , Tremblay , R E , Kaprio , J & Boivin , M 2016 , ' Dietary Intake at 9 Years and Subsequent Body Mass Index in Adolescent Boys and Girls : A Study of Monozygotic Twin Pairs ' , Twin Research and Human Genetics , vol. 19 , no. 1 , pp. 47-59 . https://doi.org/10.1017/thg.2015.97
dc.identifier.other PURE: 59937015
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: d56103ea-3774-4c84-bce0-9df5d5cf40f0
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000372637600006
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 84955601937
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/161287
dc.description.abstract There is a lack of evidence pointing to specific dietary elements related to weight gain and obesity prevention in childhood and adulthood. Dietary intake and obesity are both inherited and culturally transmitted, but most prospective studies on the association between diet and weight status do not take genetics into consideration. The objective of this study was to document the association between dietary intake at 9 years and subsequent Body Mass Index (BMI) in adolescent monozygotic boy and girl twin pairs. This research used data from 152 twin pairs. Dietary data were collected from two 24-hour-recall interviews with a parent and the child aged 9 years. Height and weight were obtained when the twins were aged 9, 12, 13, and 14 years. Intrapair variability analysis was performed to identify dietary elements related to BMI changes in subsequent years. BMI-discordant monozygotic twin pairs were also identified to analyze the dietary constituents that may have generated the discordance. After eliminating potential confounding genetic factors, pre-adolescent boys who ate fewer grain products and fruit and consumed more high-fat meat and milk had higher BMIs during adolescence; pre-adolescent girls who consumed more grain products and high-fat meat and milk had higher BMIs during adolescence. Energy intake (EI) at 9 years was not related to BMI in subsequent years. Our study suggests that messages and interventions directed at obesity prevention could take advantage of sex-specific designs and, eventually, genetic information. en
dc.format.extent 13
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Twin Research and Human Genetics
dc.rights.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/openAccess
dc.subject twins
dc.subject monozygotic
dc.subject diet
dc.subject BMI
dc.subject adolescents
dc.subject longitudinal
dc.subject QUEBEC NEWBORN TWIN
dc.subject CHILDHOOD OBESITY
dc.subject ENERGY-INTAKE
dc.subject DISCORDANT
dc.subject MACRONUTRIENTS
dc.subject OVERWEIGHT
dc.subject GROWTH
dc.subject AGE
dc.subject 3111 Biomedicine
dc.subject 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
dc.subject 3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
dc.title Dietary Intake at 9 Years and Subsequent Body Mass Index in Adolescent Boys and Girls : A Study of Monozygotic Twin Pairs en
dc.type Article
dc.contributor.organization Department of Public Health
dc.contributor.organization Clinicum
dc.contributor.organization Jaakko Kaprio / Principal Investigator
dc.contributor.organization Institute for Molecular Medicine Finland
dc.contributor.organization Genetic Epidemiology
dc.description.reviewstatus Peer reviewed
dc.relation.doi https://doi.org/10.1017/thg.2015.97
dc.relation.issn 1832-4274
dc.rights.accesslevel openAccess
dc.type.version publishedVersion

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