Comparison of Injury Severity Between Moped and Motorcycle Crashes : A Finnish Two-Year Prospective Hospital-Based Study

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/161322

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Airaksinen , N , Nurmi-Luthje , I & Luthje , P 2016 , ' Comparison of Injury Severity Between Moped and Motorcycle Crashes : A Finnish Two-Year Prospective Hospital-Based Study ' , Scandinavian Journal of Surgery , vol. 105 , no. 1 , pp. 49-55 . https://doi.org/10.1177/1457496915571401

Title: Comparison of Injury Severity Between Moped and Motorcycle Crashes : A Finnish Two-Year Prospective Hospital-Based Study
Author: Airaksinen, N.; Nurmi-Luthje, I.; Luthje, P.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2016-03
Language: eng
Number of pages: 7
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Surgery
ISSN: 1457-4969
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/161322
Abstract: Background and Aims: The coverage of the official statistics is poor in motorcycle and moped accidents. The aim of this study was to analyze the severity of motorcycle and moped crashes, and to define the degree of under-reporting in official statistics. Material and Methods: All first attendances due to an acute motorcyclist or moped driver injury registered in the emergency department between June 2004 and May 2006 were analyzed. The severity of the injuries was classified using the Abbreviated Injury Scale score and the New Injury Severity Score. The hospital injury data were compared to the traffic accident statistics reported by the police and compiled and maintained by Statistics Finland. Results: A total of 49 motorcyclists and 61 moped drivers were involved in crashes, leading to a total of 94 and 109 injuries, respectively. There were slightly more vertebral and midfoot fractures among motorcyclists than among moped drivers (p=0.038 and 0.016, respectively). No significant differences were found between the severity (maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale and median New Injury Severity Scores) of the motorcycle and moped crashes. There was no in-hospital mortality. The degree of agreement (overlap) between the hospital dataset and the official statistics was 32%. The rate of under-reporting was 68%. Conclusions: According to the maximum Abbreviated Injury Scale and New Injury Severity Scores, the injury severity was equal for motorcycle and moped crashes. The degree of agreement between the hospital dataset and the official statistics was 32%.
Subject: Motorcycle
moped
injury
injury severity
under-reporting
mortality
HELMET LAW
SWEDEN
RIDERS
MORTALITY
SCOOTER
TRAUMA
CYCLE
SCORE
RISK
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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