Aqueous phase oxidation of sulphur dioxide by ozone in cloud droplets

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Hoyle , C R , Fuchs , C , Jaervinen , E , Saathoff , H , Dias , A , El Haddad , I , Gysel , M , Coburn , S C , Troestl , J , Bernhammer , A -K , Bianchi , F , Breitenlechner , M , Corbin , J C , Craven , J , Donahue , N M , Duplissy , J , Ehrhart , S , Frege , C , Gordon , H , Hoeppel , N , Heinritzi , M , Kristensen , T B , Molteni , U , Nichman , L , Pinterich , T , Prevot , A S H , Simon , M , Slowik , J G , Steiner , G , Tome , A , Vogel , A L , Volkamer , R , Wagner , A C , Wagner , R , Wexler , A S , Williamson , C , Winkler , P M , Yan , C , Amorim , A , Dommen , J , Curtius , J , Gallagher , M W , Flagan , R C , Hansel , A , Kirkby , J , Kulmala , M , Moehler , O , Stratmann , F , Worsnop , D R & Baltensperger , U 2016 , ' Aqueous phase oxidation of sulphur dioxide by ozone in cloud droplets ' , Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics , vol. 16 , no. 3 , pp. 1693-1712 .

Title: Aqueous phase oxidation of sulphur dioxide by ozone in cloud droplets
Author: Hoyle, C. R.; Fuchs, C.; Jaervinen, E.; Saathoff, H.; Dias, A.; El Haddad, I.; Gysel, M.; Coburn, S. C.; Troestl, J.; Bernhammer, A. -K.; Bianchi, F.; Breitenlechner, M.; Corbin, J. C.; Craven, J.; Donahue, N. M.; Duplissy, J.; Ehrhart, S.; Frege, C.; Gordon, H.; Hoeppel, N.; Heinritzi, M.; Kristensen, T. B.; Molteni, U.; Nichman, L.; Pinterich, T.; Prevot, A. S. H.; Simon, M.; Slowik, J. G.; Steiner, G.; Tome, A.; Vogel, A. L.; Volkamer, R.; Wagner, A. C.; Wagner, R.; Wexler, A. S.; Williamson, C.; Winkler, P. M.; Yan, C.; Amorim, A.; Dommen, J.; Curtius, J.; Gallagher, M. W.; Flagan, R. C.; Hansel, A.; Kirkby, J.; Kulmala, M.; Moehler, O.; Stratmann, F.; Worsnop, D. R.; Baltensperger, U.
Contributor organization: INAR Physics
Department of Physics
Polar and arctic atmospheric research (PANDA)
Date: 2016
Language: eng
Number of pages: 20
Belongs to series: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics
ISSN: 1680-7316
Abstract: The growth of aerosol due to the aqueous phase oxidation of sulfur dioxide by ozone was measured in laboratory-generated clouds created in the Cosmics Leaving OUtdoor Droplets (CLOUD) chamber at the European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN). Experiments were performed at 10 and -10 degrees C, on acidic (sulfuric acid) and on partially to fully neutralised (ammonium sulfate) seed aerosol. Clouds were generated by performing an adiabatic expansion-pressurising the chamber to 220 hPa above atmospheric pressure, and then rapidly releasing the excess pressure, resulting in a cooling, condensation of water on the aerosol and a cloud lifetime of approximately 6 min. A model was developed to compare the observed aerosol growth with that predicted using oxidation rate constants previously measured in bulk solutions. The model captured the measured aerosol growth very well for experiments performed at 10 and -10 degrees C, indicating that, in contrast to some previous studies, the oxidation rates of SO2 in a dispersed aqueous system can be well represented by using accepted rate constants, based on bulk measurements. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first laboratory-based measurements of aqueous phase oxidation in a dispersed, supercooled population of droplets. The measurements are therefore important in confirming that the extrapolation of currently accepted reaction rate constants to temperatures below 0 degrees C is correct.
114 Physical sciences
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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