Mutual support and recovery in the Russian Alcoholics Anonymous online community

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Lyytikäinen , L M 2016 , ' Mutual support and recovery in the Russian Alcoholics Anonymous online community ' , Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs , vol. 33 , no. 2 , pp. 151-172 .

Title: Mutual support and recovery in the Russian Alcoholics Anonymous online community
Author: Lyytikäinen, Laura Marjukka
Contributor organization: Aleksanteri Institute 2010-2017
Date: 2016-04
Language: eng
Number of pages: 22
Belongs to series: Nordic Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
ISSN: 1455-0725
Abstract: AIMS – In Russia the paradigm of alcoholism as a disease is still in contrast to the general perception of alcoholics as weak-willed. This article studies alcoholism and recovery in Russia through the case study of the Russian Alcoholics Anonymous online group. It studies how people who are seeking help for their drinking problems in this online community come to incorporate a new self-understanding of being ill with alcoholism. DESIGN – The data were collected from a Russian online support group for people struggling with alcoholism. The source material consists of 617 posts by more than 35 individuals. The data was analysed with qualitative content analysis using the RQDA software. RESULTS – The online group acts as a virtual space where people can anonymously talk about alcoholism and engage with AA’s 12-Step program. Typically, a new forum member goes through a process of admitting one’s problem with alcohol and coming to a new understanding of oneself as a person suffering from a chronic disease. This process includes creating a new relation to alcohol, a new understanding of one’s reasons for drinking and a commitment to stay sober and to help others to recover. CONCLUSIONS – The online community creates a space for engagement with AA’s 12-Step program and service work of supporting other alcoholics in recovery in the context of Russia, where face-to-face AA groups and other recovery programmes are scarce. When the state cannot deliver the services for problem drinkers or recovering alcoholics, people may turn to the Internet to find alternative information and social support.
Subject: 5141 Sociology
5145 Social work
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by_nc_nd
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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