Exploring the genetics of nestling personality traits in a wild passerine bird: testing the phenotypic gambit

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Brommer , J & Kluen , E 2012 , ' Exploring the genetics of nestling personality traits in a wild passerine bird: testing the phenotypic gambit ' , Ecology and Evolution , vol. 2 , no. 12 , pp. 3032-3044 . https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.412

Title: Exploring the genetics of nestling personality traits in a wild passerine bird: testing the phenotypic gambit
Author: Brommer, Jon; Kluen, Edward
Contributor organization: Biosciences
Date: 2012
Language: eng
Number of pages: 13
Belongs to series: Ecology and Evolution
ISSN: 2045-7758
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/ece3.412
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/162356
Abstract: When several personality traits covary, they form a behavioral syndrome. Understanding the evolutionary dynamics of a behavioral syndrome requires knowledge of its genetic underpinning. At present, our understanding of the genetic basis of behavioral syndromes is largely restricted to domestic and laboratory animals. Wild behavioral syndromes are mostly inferred on the basis of phenotypic correlations, and thus make the “phenotypic gambit” of assuming that these phenotypic correlations capture the underlying genetic correlations. On the basis of 3 years of reciprocal cross-fostering of 2896 nestlings of 271 families within a pedigreed population, we show that the nestling personality traits handling aggression, breathing rate, and docility are heritable (h2 = 16–29%), and often have a pronounced “nest-of-rearing” variance component (10–15%), but a relatively small “nest-of-origin” variance component (0–7%). The three nestling personality traits form a behavioral syndrome on the phenotypic and genetic level. Overall, the phenotypic correlations provide a satisfactory description of the genetic ones, but significantly underestimate the magnitude of one of the pairwise genetic correlations, which mirrors the conclusion based on domestic and laboratory studies.
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
Aggression
wild population
quantitative genetics
animal personality
bird
cross-fostering
Genetic correlation
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion


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