Pinus sylvestris as a missing source of nitrous oxide and methane in boreal forest

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Machacova , K , Back , J , Vanhatalo , A , Halmeenmäki , E , Kolari , P , Mammarella , I , Pumpanen , J , Acosta , M , Urban , O & Pihlatie , M 2016 , ' Pinus sylvestris as a missing source of nitrous oxide and methane in boreal forest ' , Scientific Reports , vol. 6 , 23410 . https://doi.org/10.1038/srep23410

Title: Pinus sylvestris as a missing source of nitrous oxide and methane in boreal forest
Author: Machacova, Katerina; Back, Jaana; Vanhatalo, Anni; Halmeenmäki, Elisa; Kolari, Pasi; Mammarella, Ivan; Pumpanen, Jukka; Acosta, Manuel; Urban, Otmar; Pihlatie, Mari
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Forest Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
University of Helsinki, Department of Physics
Date: 2016-03-21
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Scientific Reports
ISSN: 2045-2322
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/162513
Abstract: Boreal forests comprise 73% of the world's coniferous forests. Based on forest floor measurements, they have been considered a significant natural sink of methane (CH4) and a natural source of nitrous oxide (N2O), both of which are important greenhouse gases. However, the role of trees, especially conifers, in ecosystem N2O and CH4 exchange is only poorly understood. We show for the first time that mature Scots pine (Pinus sylvestris L.) trees consistently emit N2O and CH4 from both stems and shoots. The shoot fluxes of N2O and CH4 exceeded the stem flux rates by 16 and 41 times, respectively. Moreover, higher stem N2O and CH4 fluxes were observed from wet than from dry areas of the forest. The N2O release from boreal pine forests may thus be underestimated and the uptake of CH4 may be overestimated when ecosystem flux calculations are based solely on forest floor measurements. The contribution of pine trees to the N2O and CH4 exchange of the boreal pine forest seems to increase considerably under high soil water content, thus highlighting the urgent need to include tree-emissions in greenhouse gas emission inventories.
Subject: RICE PLANTS
CARBON-DIOXIDE
CH4 EMISSIONS
GAS FLUXES
SOIL
ATMOSPHERE
ECOSYSTEMS
TRANSPORT
BALANCE
TREES
114 Physical sciences
4112 Forestry
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