An exonic insertion within Tex14 gene causes spermatogenic arrest in pigs

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Sironen , A , Uimari , P , Venhoranta , H , Andersson , M & Vilkki , J 2011 , ' An exonic insertion within Tex14 gene causes spermatogenic arrest in pigs ' , BMC Genomics , vol. 12 , pp. 591 . https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2164-12-591

Title: An exonic insertion within Tex14 gene causes spermatogenic arrest in pigs
Author: Sironen, Anu; Uimari, Pekka; Venhoranta, Heli; Andersson, Magnus; Vilkki, Johanna
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Date: 2011
Language: eng
Number of pages: 10
Belongs to series: BMC Genomics
ISSN: 1471-2164
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/163483
Abstract: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Male infertility is an increasing problem in all domestic species including man. Localization and identification of genes involved in defects causing male infertility provide valuable information of specific events in sperm development. Sperm development is a complex process, where diploid spermatogonia develop into haploid, highly specialized spermatozoa. Correct expression and function of various genes and their protein products are required for production of fertile sperm. We have identified an infertility defect in Finnish Yorkshire boars caused by spermatogenic arrest. The aim of this study was to locate the disease associated region using genome wide screen with the PorcineSNP60 Beadchip and identify the causal mutation by candidate gene approach. RESULTS: In the Finnish Yorkshire pig population the spermatogenic arrest (SA) defect appears to be of genetic origin and causes severe degeneration of germ cells and total absence of spermatozoa. Genome wide scan with the PorcineSNP60 Beadchip localized the SA defect to porcine chromosome 12 in a 2 Mbp region. Sequencing of a candidate gene Tex14 revealed a 51 bp insertion within exon 27, which caused differential splicing of the exon and created a premature translation stop codon. The expression of Tex14 was markedly down regulated in the testis of a SA affected boar compared to control boars and no protein product was identified by Western blotting. The SA insertion sequence was also found within intron 27 in all analyzed animals, thus the insertion appears to be a possible duplication event. CONCLUSION: In this study we report the identification of a causal mutation for infertility caused by spermatogenic arrest at an early meiotic phase. Our results highlight the role of TEX14 specifically in spermatogenesis and the importance of specific genomic remodeling events as causes for inherited defects.
Subject: 413 Veterinary science
CELL INTERCELLULAR BRIDGES
HUMAN GENOME
MALE-INFERTILITY
DELETIONS
MECHANISMS
DUPLICATIONS
FERTILITY
MOUSE
MICE
ASSOCIATION
412 Animal science, dairy science
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