Rediscovery of Early Twentieth-Century Ecotheology

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http://hdl.handle.net/10138/163542

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Pihkala , P P 2016 , ' Rediscovery of Early Twentieth-Century Ecotheology ' , Open Theology , vol. 2 , no. 1 , pp. 268-285 . https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2016-0023

Title: Rediscovery of Early Twentieth-Century Ecotheology
Author: Pihkala, Panu Petteri
Other contributor: University of Helsinki, Faculty of Theology
Date: 2016-04-28
Language: eng
Number of pages: 17
Belongs to series: Open Theology
ISSN: 2300-6579
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1515/opth-2016-0023
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/163542
Abstract: In this article, I examine the early history of Christian environmentalism (“ecotheology”) in the twentieth century. I delineate four strands of early ecotheology: agrarian ecotheology; social Christianity; British contributions; and “post-liberal” foundations for later ecotheological movements. I show that ecotheology was a slowly-rising movement, which had notable proponents. I argue that these early ecotheologians are significant for several reasons. First, these writings support the view that there are momentous roots of environmentalism in the late 19th and early 20th Century. Second, these texts reveal important information about the relation of Christian and other environmentalism. Third, early ecotheologians contributed to discussion about themes which would later form distinctive environmental disciplines, such as environmental aesthetics, education, ethics, history and philosophy. Their thoughts offer interesting reflections pointing to these fields. Fourth, the contributions by the early ecotheologians are not only historically interesting, but they have relevance for the current discussion. These theologians were in a special position to notice the major changes brought by technological development in the twentieth century and they provided important critical reflections about these issues. Because they developed their thought independently, they display creative thinking, although often in an unfinished manner.
Subject: 614 Theology
ecotheology
Christian environmentalism
environmental history
environmental ethics
Environmental education
religion and nature
systematic theology
church history
Sittler Joseph
Bailey Liberty Hyde
Tillich Paul
Williams Daniel Day
Rauschenbusch Walter
Lowdermilk Walter
Raven Charles
Temple William
Farmer Herbert Henry
Meland Bernard
Horton Walter Marshall
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