Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation

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Santangeli , A , Arroyo , B , Dicks , L V , Herzon , I , Kukkala , A S S , Sutherland , W J & Moilanen , A J 2016 , ' Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation ' Biological Conservation , vol. 197 , pp. 209-214 . DOI: 10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.013

Title: Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation
Author: Santangeli, Andrea; Arroyo, Beatriz; Dicks, Lynn V.; Herzon, Iryna; Kukkala, Aija Sonja Sarita; Sutherland, William J.; Moilanen, Atte Jaakko
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Biosciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Biosciences
University of Helsinki, Biosciences
Date: 2016
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Biological Conservation
ISSN: 0006-3207
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/163770
Abstract: The voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation refers to actions that citizens or organizations could voluntarily implement in their area of influence without the incentive of monetary compensations. To be effectively implemented by untrained actors, actions should be clearly defined, straightforward to implement and not require specific scientific knowledge. The costs of actions should also be sufficiently affordable to be widely applied without monetary incentives. A voluntary non-monetary approach has so far not been clearly described as a distinct group of tools for nature conservation. Here we review the scarce scientific literature on the topic. To illustrate the applicability of a voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation, we then investigate its potential for farmland conservation. We considered a list of 119 actions available from “conservation-evidence”, a source of systematically collected evidence on effectiveness of conservation actions. Among 119 actions, 95 could be scored for feasibility of implementation, costs, and existence of evidence in UK, Spain and Finland. Sixteen to seventeen actions were potentially suitable for implementation by a voluntary non-monetary approach. This implies that the voluntary non-monetary approach could be widely applicable across many countries and environments. It is our hope that this study will represent a clarion call for conservation scientists to clearly recognize the voluntary non-monetary approach, its characteristics, and its potential for addressing conservation issues on private land. Adoption of such voluntary measures may be more dependent on encouragement (‘nudging’) than on the usual coercive or financial emphasis (‘shoving’).
Subject: 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology
1172 Environmental sciences
Conservation cost
Conservation action
Evidence-based conservation
Evi-based conservation
4111 Agronomy
Private land
Citizen science

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