Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Finnish Museum of Natural History en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Department of Agricultural Sciences en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Biosciences en
dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Biosciences en
dc.contributor.author Santangeli, Andrea
dc.contributor.author Arroyo, Beatriz
dc.contributor.author Dicks, Lynn V.
dc.contributor.author Herzon, Iryna
dc.contributor.author Kukkala, Aija Sonja Sarita
dc.contributor.author Sutherland, William J.
dc.contributor.author Moilanen, Atte Jaakko
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-13T11:47:01Z
dc.date.available 2016-06-13T11:47:01Z
dc.date.issued 2016
dc.identifier.citation Santangeli , A , Arroyo , B , Dicks , L V , Herzon , I , Kukkala , A S S , Sutherland , W J & Moilanen , A J 2016 , ' Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation ' Biological Conservation , vol. 197 , pp. 209-214 . https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.013 en
dc.identifier.issn 0006-3207
dc.identifier.other PURE: 61106937
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 170951e4-0ff0-439e-b671-b0e89f23e2aa
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 84962205365
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000376798800026
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-5758-4850/work/30219514
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/163770
dc.description.abstract The voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation refers to actions that citizens or organizations could voluntarily implement in their area of influence without the incentive of monetary compensations. To be effectively implemented by untrained actors, actions should be clearly defined, straightforward to implement and not require specific scientific knowledge. The costs of actions should also be sufficiently affordable to be widely applied without monetary incentives. A voluntary non-monetary approach has so far not been clearly described as a distinct group of tools for nature conservation. Here we review the scarce scientific literature on the topic. To illustrate the applicability of a voluntary non-monetary approach to conservation, we then investigate its potential for farmland conservation. We considered a list of 119 actions available from “conservation-evidence”, a source of systematically collected evidence on effectiveness of conservation actions. Among 119 actions, 95 could be scored for feasibility of implementation, costs, and existence of evidence in UK, Spain and Finland. Sixteen to seventeen actions were potentially suitable for implementation by a voluntary non-monetary approach. This implies that the voluntary non-monetary approach could be widely applicable across many countries and environments. It is our hope that this study will represent a clarion call for conservation scientists to clearly recognize the voluntary non-monetary approach, its characteristics, and its potential for addressing conservation issues on private land. Adoption of such voluntary measures may be more dependent on encouragement (‘nudging’) than on the usual coercive or financial emphasis (‘shoving’). en
dc.format.extent 6
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof Biological Conservation
dc.rights en
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology en
dc.subject BIODIVERSITY en
dc.subject POPULATIONS en
dc.subject 1172 Environmental sciences en
dc.subject Conservation cost en
dc.subject Conservation action en
dc.subject Evidence-based conservation en
dc.subject PRIVATE LANDOWNERS en
dc.subject ENDANGERED WHALES en
dc.subject PROTECTED AREAS en
dc.subject FARMLAND BIRD en
dc.subject Evi-based conservation en
dc.subject 4111 Agronomy en
dc.subject Private land en
dc.subject Citizen science en
dc.title Voluntary non-monetary approaches for implementing conservation en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biocon.2016.03.013
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/acceptedVersion
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