Synchronous Environmental and Cultural Change in the Emergence of Agricultural Economies 10,000 Years Ago in the Levant

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, FHKT 2010-2017 en
dc.contributor.author Borrell, Ferran
dc.contributor.author Junno, Aripekka
dc.contributor.author Barceló, Joan Antón
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-20T07:04:01Z
dc.date.available 2016-06-20T07:04:01Z
dc.date.issued 2015-08-01
dc.identifier.citation Borrell , F , Junno , A & Barceló , J A 2015 , ' Synchronous Environmental and Cultural Change in the Emergence of Agricultural Economies 10,000 Years Ago in the Levant ' PLoS One , vol. 10 , no. 8 , pp. 1-19 . DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0134810 en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.other PURE: 64925847
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: d9e79f1b-09c2-426b-8ced-d2fcc32e2a12
dc.identifier.other Bibtex: urn:81d97878849512d0a6ed6b74c8864212
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 84942134164
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000358942700071
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/164193
dc.description.abstract The commonly held belief that the emergence and establishment of farming communities in the Levant was a smooth socio-economic continuum during the Pre-Pottery Neolithic (ca. 12,000-9,000 cal BP) with only rare minor disruptions is challenged by recently obtained evidence from this region. Using a database of archaeological radiocarbon dates and diagnostic material culture records from a series of key sites in the northern Levant we show that the hitherto apparent long-term continuity interpreted as the origins and consolidation of agricultural systems was not linear and uninterrupted. A major cultural discontinuity is observed in the archaeological record around 10,000 cal BP in synchrony with a Holocene Rapid Climate Change (RCC), a short period of climatic instability recorded in the Northern Hemisphere. This study demonstrates the interconnectedness of the first agricultural economies and the ecosystems they inhabited, and emphasizes the complex nature of human responses to environmental change during the Neolithic period in the Levant. Moreover, it provides a new environmental-cultural scenario that needs to be incorporated in the models reconstructing both the establishment of agricultural economy in southwestern Asia and the impact of environmental changes on human populations. en
dc.format.extent 19
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One
dc.rights en
dc.subject 615 History and Archaeology en
dc.title Synchronous Environmental and Cultural Change in the Emergence of Agricultural Economies 10,000 Years Ago in the Levant en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0134810
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
dc.contributor.pbl

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