Twenty-five year trends in body mass index by education and income in Finland

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Prättälä , R , Sippola , R , Lahti-Koski , M , Laaksonen , M , Mäkinen , T & Roos , E 2012 , ' Twenty-five year trends in body mass index by education and income in Finland ' , BMC Public Health , vol. 12 , 936 .

Title: Twenty-five year trends in body mass index by education and income in Finland
Author: Prättälä, Ritva; Sippola, Risto; Lahti-Koski, Marjaana; Laaksonen, Mikko; Mäkinen, Tomi; Roos, Eva
Contributor organization: Department of Public Health
Hjelt Institute (-2014)
Center for Population, Health and Society
Date: 2012
Language: eng
Number of pages: 16
Belongs to series: BMC Public Health
ISSN: 1471-2458
Abstract: ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: The socioeconomic gradient in obesity and overweight is amply documented. However, the contribution of different socioeconomic indicators on trends of body mass index (BMI) over time is less well known. The aim of this study was to investigate the associations of education and income with (BMI) from the late 1970s to the early 2000s. METHODS: Data were derived from nationwide cross-sectional health behaviour surveys carried out among Finns annually since 1978. This study comprises data from a 25-year period (1978-2002) that included 25 339 men and 25 330 women aged 25-64 years. BMI was based on self-reported weight and height. Education in years was obtained from the questionnaire and household income from the national tax register. In order to improve the comparability of the socioeconomic position measures, education and income were divided into gender-specific tertiles separately for each study year. Linear regression analysis was applied. RESULTS: An increase in BMI was observed among men and women in all educational and income groups. In women, education and income were inversely associated with BMI. The magnitudes of the associations fluctuated but stayed statistically significant over time. Among the Finnish men, socioeconomic differences were more complicated. Educational differences were weaker than among the women and income differences varied according to educational level. At the turn of the century, the high income men in the lowest educational group had the highest BMI whereas the income pattern in the highest educational group was the opposite. CONCLUSION: No overall change in the socio-economic differences of BMI was observed in Finland between 1978 and 2002. However, the trends of BMI diverged ini sub-groups of the studied population: the most prominent increase in BMI took place in high income men with low education and in low income men with high education. The results encourage further research on the pathways between income, education, living conditions and the increasing BMI.
Subject: 3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
body mass index
25-year time trends
Finnish men and women
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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