Influence of Developmental Conditions on Immune Function and Dispersal-Related Traits in the Glanville Fritillary (Melitaea cinxia) Butterfly.

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dc.contributor University of Helsinki, Biosciences en
dc.contributor.author Saastamoinen, Marjo Anna Kaarina
dc.contributor.author Rantala, Markus
dc.date.accessioned 2016-06-20T12:50:01Z
dc.date.available 2016-06-20T12:50:01Z
dc.date.issued 2013
dc.identifier.citation Saastamoinen , M A K & Rantala , M 2013 , ' Influence of Developmental Conditions on Immune Function and Dispersal-Related Traits in the Glanville Fritillary (Melitaea cinxia) Butterfly. ' , PLoS One , vol. 8 , no. 11 , e81289 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081289 en
dc.identifier.issn 1932-6203
dc.identifier.other PURE: 31891631
dc.identifier.other PURE UUID: 6dab13b6-6d71-4e0a-b621-2575535de9b5
dc.identifier.other WOS: 000327541700055
dc.identifier.other Scopus: 84896724889
dc.identifier.other ORCID: /0000-0001-7009-2527/work/67132492
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10138/164338
dc.description.abstract Organisms in the wild are constantly faced with a wide range of environmental variability, such as fluctuation in food availability. Poor nutritional conditions influence life-histories via individual resource allocation patterns, and trade-offs between competing traits. In this study, we assessed the influence of food restriction during development on the energetically expensive traits flight metabolic rate (proxy of dispersal ability), encapsulation rate (proxy of immune defence), and lifespan using the Glanville fritillary butterfly, Melitaea cinxia, as a model organism. Additionally, we examined the direct costs of flight on individual immune function, and whether those costs increase under restricted environmental conditions. We found that nutritional restriction during development enhanced adult encapsulations rate, but reduced both resting and flight metabolic rates. However, at the individual level metabolic rates were not associated with encapsulation rate. Interestingly, individuals that were forced to fly prior to the immune assays had higher encapsulation rates than individuals that had not flown, suggesting that flying itself enhances immune response. Finally, in the control group encapsulation rate correlated positively with lifespan, whereas in the nutritional restriction group there was no relationship between these traits, suggesting that the association between encapsulation rate on adult lifespan was condition-dependent. Thus stressful events during both larval development (food limitation) and adulthood (forced flight) induce increased immune response in the adult butterflies, which may allow individuals to cope with stressful events later on in life. en
dc.format.extent 11
dc.language.iso eng
dc.relation.ispartof PLoS One
dc.rights en
dc.subject 1181 Ecology, evolutionary biology en
dc.title Influence of Developmental Conditions on Immune Function and Dispersal-Related Traits in the Glanville Fritillary (Melitaea cinxia) Butterfly. en
dc.type Article
dc.description.version Peer reviewed
dc.identifier.doi https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0081289
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/other
dc.type.uri info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
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