Influence of Turn-Taking in a Two-Person Conversation on the Gaze of a Viewer

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Hirvenkari , L , Ruusuvuori , J , Saarinen , V-M , Kivioja , M K , Peräkylä , A & Hari , R 2013 , ' Influence of Turn-Taking in a Two-Person Conversation on the Gaze of a Viewer ' , PLoS One , vol. 8 , no. 8 , e71569 , pp. 2-6 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0071569

Title: Influence of Turn-Taking in a Two-Person Conversation on the Gaze of a Viewer
Author: Hirvenkari, Lotta; Ruusuvuori, Johanna; Saarinen, Veli-Matti; Kivioja, Maari Kanerva; Peräkylä, Anssi; Hari, Riitta
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Social Research (2010-2017)
Date: 2013
Language: eng
Number of pages: 5
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/164403
Abstract: In natural conversation, the minimal gaps and overlaps of the turns at talk indicate an accurate regulation of the timings of the turn-taking system. Here we studied how the turn-taking affects the gaze of a non-involved viewer of a two-person conversation. The subjects were presented with a video of a conversation while their eye gaze was tracked with an infrared camera. As a control, the video was presented without sound and the sound with still image of the speakers. Turns at talk directed the gaze behaviour of the viewers; their gaze followed, rather than predicted, the speakership change around the turn transition. Both visual and auditory cues presented alone also induced gaze shifts towards the speaking person, although significantly less and later than when the cues of both modalities were available. These results show that the organization of turn-taking has a strong influence on the gaze patterns of even non-involved viewers of the conversation, and that visual and auditory cues are in part redundant in guiding the viewers’ gaze.
Subject: 5141 Sociology
conversation
turn taking
119 Other natural sciences
eye tracking
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