Gene Expression Profiles in Human and Mouse Primary Cells Provide New Insights into the Differential Actions of Vitamin D-3 Metabolites

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/164452

Citation

Tuohimaa , P , Wang , J-H , Khan , S , Kuuslahti , M , Qian , K , Manninen , T , Auvinen , P , Vihinen , M & Lou , Y-R 2013 , ' Gene Expression Profiles in Human and Mouse Primary Cells Provide New Insights into the Differential Actions of Vitamin D-3 Metabolites ' , PLoS One , vol. 8 , no. 10 , e75338 . https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0075338

Title: Gene Expression Profiles in Human and Mouse Primary Cells Provide New Insights into the Differential Actions of Vitamin D-3 Metabolites
Author: Tuohimaa, Pentti; Wang, Jing-Huan; Khan, Sofia; Kuuslahti, Marianne; Qian, Kui; Manninen, Tommi; Auvinen, Petri; Vihinen, Mauno; Lou, Yan-Ru
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Institute of Biotechnology
University of Helsinki, Faculty of Pharmacy
Date: 2013-10-08
Language: eng
Number of pages: 14
Belongs to series: PLoS One
ISSN: 1932-6203
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/164452
Abstract: 1α,25-Dihydroxyvitamin D3 (1α,25(OH)2D3) had earlier been regarded as the only active hormone. The newly identified actions of 25-hydroxyvitamin D3 (25(OH)D3) and 24R,25-dihydroxyvitamin D3 (24R,25(OH)2D3) broadened the vitamin D3 endocrine system, however, the current data are fragmented and a systematic understanding is lacking. Here we performed the first systematic study of global gene expression to clarify their similarities and differences. Three metabolites at physiologically comparable levels were utilized to treat human and mouse fibroblasts prior to DNA microarray analyses. Human primary prostate stromal P29SN cells (hP29SN), which convert 25(OH)D3 into 1α,25(OH)2D3 by 1α-hydroxylase (encoded by the gene CYP27B1), displayed regulation of 164, 171, and 175 genes by treatment with 1α,25(OH)2D3, 25(OH)D3, and 24R,25(OH)2D3, respectively. Mouse primary Cyp27b1 knockout fibroblasts (mCyp27b1−/−), which lack 1α-hydroxylation, displayed regulation of 619, 469, and 66 genes using the same respective treatments. The number of shared genes regulated by two metabolites is much lower in hP29SN than in mCyp27b1−/−. By using DAVID Functional Annotation Bioinformatics Microarray Analysis tools and Ingenuity Pathways Analysis, we identified the agonistic regulation of calcium homeostasis and bone remodeling between 1α,25(OH)2D3 and 25(OH)D3 and unique non-classical actions of each metabolite in physiological and pathological processes, including cell cycle, keratinocyte differentiation, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis signaling, gene transcription, immunomodulation, epigenetics, cell differentiation, and membrane protein expression. In conclusion, there are three distinct vitamin D3 hormones with clearly different biological activities. This study presents a new conceptual insight into the vitamin D3 endocrine system, which may guide the strategic use of vitamin D3 in disease prevention and treatment.
Subject: PROSTATE-CANCER CELLS
1-ALPHA,25 DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D3
FRIZZLED-RELATED PROTEIN-1
KAPPA-B LIGAND
25-HYDROXYVITAMIN D-3
D-RECEPTOR
1,25-DIHYDROXYVITAMIN D-3
KOREAN POPULATION
INHIBITORY FACTOR
EPITHELIAL-CELLS
1182 Biochemistry, cell and molecular biology
317 Pharmacy
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
journal.pone.0075338.PDF 1.331Mb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record