Change in physical activity and weight in relation to retirement : the French GAZEL Cohort Study

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Sjosten , N , Kivimaki , M , Singh-Manoux , A , Ferrie , J E , Goldberg , M , Zins , M , Pentti , J , Westerlund , H & Vahtera , J 2012 , ' Change in physical activity and weight in relation to retirement : the French GAZEL Cohort Study ' BMJ Open , vol. 2 , no. 1 , 000522 . DOI: 10.1136/bmjopen-2011-000522

Title: Change in physical activity and weight in relation to retirement : the French GAZEL Cohort Study
Author: Sjosten, Noora; Kivimaki, Mika; Singh-Manoux, Archana; Ferrie, Jane E.; Goldberg, Marcel; Zins, Marie; Pentti, Jaana; Westerlund, Hugo; Vahtera, Jussi
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Behavioural Sciences
University of Helsinki, Department of Public Health
Date: 2012
Language: eng
Number of pages: 11
Belongs to series: BMJ Open
ISSN: 2044-6055
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/165363
Abstract: Objectives: To examine the trajectories of physical activity from preretirement to postretirement and to further clarify whether the changes in physical activity are associated with changes in body weight. Design: Prospective. Setting: French national gas and electricity company (GAZEL cohort). Participants: From the original sample of 20 625 employees, only those retiring between 2001 and 2008 on a statutory basis were selected for the analyses (analysis 1: n = 2711, 63% men; analysis 2: n = 3812, 75% men). Persons with data on at least one preretirement and postretirement measurement of the outcome were selected. Primary and secondary outcome measures: All outcome data were gathered by questionnaires. In analysis 1, the annual prevalence of higher physical activity (walking >= 5 km/week) 4 years before and after retirement was analysed. In analysis 2, changes in leisure-time sport activities (engagement, frequency and manner) from preretirement to postretirement were analysed with simultaneous changes in body weight (kilogram). Results: In analysis 1 (n = 2711), prevalence estimates for 4 years before and 4 years after retirement showed that higher leisure-time physical activity (walking at least 5 km/week) increased by 36% in men and 61% in women during the transition to retirement. This increase was also observed among people at a higher risk of physical inactivity, such as smokers and those with elevated depressive symptoms. In a separate sample (analysis 2, n = 3812), change in weight as a function of preretirement and postretirement physical activity was analysed. Weight gain preretirement to postretirement was 0.85 (95% CI 0.48 to 1.21) to 1.35 (0.79 to 1.90) kg greater among physically inactive persons (decrease in activity or inactive) compared with those physically active (p Conclusions: Retirement transition may be associated with beneficial changes in lifestyle and may thus be a good starting point to preventive interventions in various groups of individuals in order to maintain long-term changes.
Subject: OLDER-ADULTS
FOLLOW-UP
HEALTH
TRAJECTORIES
PREDICTORS
TRANSITION
DRINKING
BEHAVIOR
SMOKING
OBESITY
3142 Public health care science, environmental and occupational health
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