Urgent EMS managed out-of-hospital delivery dispatches in Helsinki

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Pirneskoski , J , Perajoki , K , Nuutila , M & Kuisma , M 2016 , ' Urgent EMS managed out-of-hospital delivery dispatches in Helsinki ' , Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine , vol. 24 , 94 . https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-016-0285-5

Title: Urgent EMS managed out-of-hospital delivery dispatches in Helsinki
Author: Pirneskoski, Jussi; Perajoki, Katja; Nuutila, Mika; Kuisma, Markku
Contributor organization: Clinicum
Department of Diagnostics and Therapeutics
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Date: 2016-07-25
Language: eng
Number of pages: 6
Belongs to series: Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine
ISSN: 1757-7241
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13049-016-0285-5
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/166274
Abstract: Background: The aim of this study was to examine Helsinki Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and hospital records to determine the incidence and possible complications of out-of-hospital deliveries managed by EMS in Helsinki. Methods: We retrospectively analysed all urgent ambulance dispatches relating to childbirth in Helsinki from January 1, 2010 to December 31, 2014 with further analysis of hospital records for the out-of-hospital deliveries. Patients were divided in to two groups: those who delivered before reaching hospital and those who did not deliver before reaching hospital and differences between groups were analysed. Deliveries with gestational age of at least 22 + 0 weeks were considered as births in statistical analysis as this is the current national practice. Results: There were 799 urgent dispatches during the study period. In 102 (12.8 %) of these delivery took place before reaching the hospital. The incidence of EMS managed out-of-hospital delivery was found to be 3.0/1000 births. The annual number of out-of-hospital deliveries attended by EMS increased from 15 in 2010 to 28 in 2014. No stillbirths were reported. Neither maternal or perinatal deaths nor major maternal complications were noted in the study population. Discussion: Out-of-hospital deliveries represent a small minority of EMS calls and remain a challenge to maintaining professional capabilities. Small sample size might have limited the ability of the study to pick up rare complications. Conclusions: The amount of out-of-hospital deliveries in Helsinki increased during the five-year study period. There were no maternal or perinatal mortality or major complications resulting in long-term sequelae associated with the EMS-managed out-of-hospital births.
Subject: Emergency medical services
Out-of-hospital delivery
Out of hospital birth
Prehospital delivery
Birth before arrival
Unplanned delivery
3126 Surgery, anesthesiology, intensive care, radiology
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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