Co-infections with Respiratory Viruses in Dogs with Bacterial Pneumonia

Show full item record



Permalink

http://hdl.handle.net/10138/166587

Citation

Viitanen , S J , Lappalainen , A & Rajamaki , M M 2015 , ' Co-infections with Respiratory Viruses in Dogs with Bacterial Pneumonia ' , Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine , vol. 29 , no. 2 , pp. 544-551 . https://doi.org/10.1111/jvim.12553

Title: Co-infections with Respiratory Viruses in Dogs with Bacterial Pneumonia
Author: Viitanen, S. J.; Lappalainen, A.; Rajamaki, M. M.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
University of Helsinki, Departments of Faculty of Veterinary Medicine
Date: 2015
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Journal of Veterinary Internal Medicine
ISSN: 0891-6640
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/166587
Abstract: BackgroundBacterial pneumonia (BP) is an inflammation of the lower airways and lung parenchyma secondary to bacterial infection. The pathogenesis of BP in dogs is complex and the role of canine respiratory viruses has not been fully evaluated. ObjectivesThe aim of this study was to investigate the occurrence of viral co-infections in dogs with BP and to assess demographic or clinical variables as well as disease severity associated with viral co-infections. AnimalsTwenty household dogs with BP caused by opportunistic bacteria and 13 dogs with chronic (>30days) tracheobronchitis caused by Bordetella bronchiseptica (BBTB). MethodsProspective cross-sectional observational study. Diagnosis was confirmed by clinical and laboratory findings, diagnostic imaging, and cytologic and microbiologic analysis of bronchoalveolar lavage or transtracheal wash fluid. Canine parainfluenza virus (CPIV), canine adenovirus, canine herpes virus, canine influenzavirus, canine distemper virus, canine respiratory coronavirus (CRCoV) and canine pneumovirus, as well as B.bronchiseptica and Mycoplasma spp. were analyzed in respiratory samples using PCR assays. ResultsCPIV was detected in 7/20 and CRCoV in 1/20 dogs with BP. Respiratory viruses were not detected in dogs with BBTB. There were no significant differences in clinical variables between BP dogs with and without a viral co-infection. Conclusion and Clinical ImportanceRespiratory viruses were found frequently in dogs with BP and may therefore play an important role in the etiology and pathogenesis of BP. Clinical variables and disease severity did not differ between BP dogs with and without viral co-infection.
Subject: Canine
Canine infectious respiratory disease
CIRD
COMMUNITY-ACQUIRED PNEUMONIA
TRACHEOBRONCHITIS KENNEL COUGH
MYCOPLASMA-CYNOS INFECTION
CANINE-DISTEMPER VIRUS
ACUTE OTITIS-MEDIA
BRONCHOALVEOLAR LAVAGE
PARAINFLUENZA VIRUS
VIRAL-INFECTION
INFLUENZA-VIRUS
BORDETELLA-BRONCHISEPTICA
413 Veterinary science
Rights:


Files in this item

Total number of downloads: Loading...

Files Size Format View
Viitanen_et_al_ ... nary_Internal_Medicine.pdf 142.8Kb PDF View/Open

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show full item record