Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes

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Meinilä , J , Koivusalo , S B , Valkama , A J , Rönö , K , Erkkola , M , Kautiainen , H , Stach-Lempinen , B & Eriksson , J G 2015 , ' Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes ' , Food & Nutrition Research , vol. 59 , 26676 . https://doi.org/10.3402/fnr.v59.26676

Title: Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes
Author: Meinilä, Jelena; Koivusalo, Saila B.; Valkama, Anita Johanna; Rönö, Kristiina; Erkkola, Maijaliisa; Kautiainen, Hannu; Stach-Lempinen, Beata; Eriksson, Johan G.
Contributor: University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
University of Helsinki, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
University of Helsinki, Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Department of Food and Nutrition
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
University of Helsinki, Clinicum
Date: 2015
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Food & Nutrition Research
ISSN: 1654-6628
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/10138/166772
Abstract: Background: The prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) has been increasing along with the obesity pandemic. It is associated with pregnancy complications and a risk of type 2 diabetes. Objective: To study nutrient intake among pregnant Finnish women at increased risk of GDM due to obesity or a history of GDM. Design: Food records from obese women or women with GDM history (n = 394) were examined at baseline ( Results: The pregnant women had a mean fat intake of 33 en% (SD 7), saturated fatty acids (SFA) 12 en% (SD 3), and carbohydrate 46 en% (SD 6). Sucrose intake among pregnant women with GDM history was 7 en% (SD 3), which was different from the intake of the other pregnant women, 10 en% (SD 4) (p <0.001). Median intakes of folate and vitamins A and D provided by food sources were below the Finnish national nutrition recommendation, but, excluding vitamin A, supplements raised the total intake to the recommended level. The frequency of use of dietary supplements among pregnant women was 77%. Conclusions: The observed excessive intake of SFA and low intake of carbohydrates among women at high risk of GDM may further increase their risk of GDM. A GDM history, however, seems to reduce sucrose intake in a future pregnancy. Pregnant women at high risk of GDM seem to have insufficient intakes of vitamin D and folate from food and thus need supplementation, which most of them already take.
Subject: nutrition
pregnancy
diabetes
obesity
maternal nutrition
diet
MACRONUTRIENT INTAKE
DIETARY-SUPPLEMENTS
FINNISH WOMEN
MELLITUS
METAANALYSIS
PREVALENCE
OUTCOMES
ENERGY
416 Food Science
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
3121 Internal medicine
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