Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes

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Meinilä , J , Koivusalo , S B , Valkama , A J , Rönö , K , Erkkola , M , Kautiainen , H , Stach-Lempinen , B & Eriksson , J G 2015 , ' Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes ' , Food & Nutrition Research , vol. 59 , 26676 .

Title: Nutrient intake of pregnant women at high risk of gestational diabetes
Author: Meinilä, Jelena; Koivusalo, Saila B.; Valkama, Anita Johanna; Rönö, Kristiina; Erkkola, Maijaliisa; Kautiainen, Hannu; Stach-Lempinen, Beata; Eriksson, Johan G.
Contributor organization: Department of General Practice and Primary Health Care
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology
Department of Food and Nutrition
Maijaliisa Erkkola / Principal Investigator
Johan Eriksson / Principal Investigator
Nutrition Science
HUS Gynecology and Obstetrics
Teachers' Academy
Family nutrition and wellbeing
Date: 2015
Language: eng
Number of pages: 8
Belongs to series: Food & Nutrition Research
ISSN: 1654-6628
Abstract: Background: The prevalence of gestational diabetes (GDM) has been increasing along with the obesity pandemic. It is associated with pregnancy complications and a risk of type 2 diabetes. Objective: To study nutrient intake among pregnant Finnish women at increased risk of GDM due to obesity or a history of GDM. Design: Food records from obese women or women with GDM history (n = 394) were examined at baseline ( Results: The pregnant women had a mean fat intake of 33 en% (SD 7), saturated fatty acids (SFA) 12 en% (SD 3), and carbohydrate 46 en% (SD 6). Sucrose intake among pregnant women with GDM history was 7 en% (SD 3), which was different from the intake of the other pregnant women, 10 en% (SD 4) (p <0.001). Median intakes of folate and vitamins A and D provided by food sources were below the Finnish national nutrition recommendation, but, excluding vitamin A, supplements raised the total intake to the recommended level. The frequency of use of dietary supplements among pregnant women was 77%. Conclusions: The observed excessive intake of SFA and low intake of carbohydrates among women at high risk of GDM may further increase their risk of GDM. A GDM history, however, seems to reduce sucrose intake in a future pregnancy. Pregnant women at high risk of GDM seem to have insufficient intakes of vitamin D and folate from food and thus need supplementation, which most of them already take.
Subject: nutrition
maternal nutrition
416 Food Science
3123 Gynaecology and paediatrics
3121 General medicine, internal medicine and other clinical medicine
Peer reviewed: Yes
Rights: cc_by
Usage restriction: openAccess
Self-archived version: publishedVersion

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